METHOD FOR HEMODIALYSATE REGENERATION

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$238,130.00
Award Year:
1986
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
443
Agency Tracking Number:
443
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
14 Spring Street, Waltham, MA, 02154
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Harry Lerner
(617) 899-7270
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
THIS RESEARCH PLAN IS DIRECTED TOWARDS IMPROVING ARTIFICIAL KIDNEY TECHNOLOGY, ONE OF THE SPECIFIC AREAS OF INTEREST TO THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ARTHRITIS, DIABETES, AND DIGESTIVEAND KIDNEY DISEASES. BY THE MIDDLE OF 1977 MORE THAN 36,000PATIENTS WERE BEING REGULARLY TREATED FOR UREMIA BY HEMODIALYSIS AT AN ANNUAL COST OF $650,000,000. GENERALLY, THIS TREATMENT REQUIRED THE USE OF LARGE COMPLICATED MACHINES AT TREATMENT CENTERS. SORBENT REGENERATION OF DIALYSATE IS ONE APPROACH TO SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCING THE COST OF THIS TREATMENT. IN ADDITION, SUCH REGENERATION LENDS ITSELF BETTER TO THE PRODUCTION OF A MORE COMPACT DIALYSER. IN FACT, AN ENZYME-BASED, SORBENT SYSTEM HAS BEENDEVELOPED COMMERCIALLY (I.E., THE REDY SYSTEM). THIS SYSTEMHOWEVER STILL HAS SIGNIFICANT PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE NH(4)+PRODUCED DURING THE ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF UREA. THE LONG TERM OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROGRAM IS TO DEVELOP AN ELECTROCHEMICAL UREA OXIDATION REACTOR THAT WOULD BE PART OFA SAFE, COMPACT AND INEXPENSIVE SYSTEM FOR REGENERATION OF HEMODIALYSATE. WE ENVISION TWO ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO THE UREA REACTOR AS DESCRIBED BELOW. IN EITHER CASE, HOWEVER, THE REACTOR WOULD BE PART OF A SYSTEM COMPOSED OF CHARCOAL FOR ADSORBING ALL OTHER NITROGENOUS WASTE PRODUCTS AND ION EXCHANGE RESINS FOR REDUCING THE LEVELS OF PHOSPHATEAND K(+). IN ONE VERSION OF THE REACTOR, UREA WOULD BE OXIDIZED DIRECTLY AT A CATALYTIC METAL ELECTRODE IN THE REACTOR TO PRODUCE MOSTLY NON-TOXIC OXYGEN, NITROGEN AND WATER WHICH CAN THEN BE DISPOSED OF READILY. IN THE OTHER VERSION, CHLORIDE WOULD BE OXIDIZED AT THE REACTOR ANODE TO PRODUCE HYPOCHLORITE WHICH WOULD THEN COMPLETELY OXIDIZE THEUREA. ANY UNREACTED HYPOCHLORITE ION WOULD BE REMOVED BY REDUCTION AT THE REACTOR CATHODE OR, IF NECESSARY, BY ADSORPTION ON A CHARCOAL BED. PHASE 1 OF THE PROGRAM WOULD BE DEVOTED LARGELY TO SELECTING THE REACTOR CONFIGURATION THAT EXHIBITED THE BEST OVERALL PERFORMANCE. IN PHASE 2, EXTENSIVE TOXICOLOGY TESTS OF TREATED DIALYSATE WOULD BE PERFORMED. REACTOR DESIGN WOULD BE OPTIMIZED AND SCALE-UP OF THE REACTOR TO THE PROPER CAPACITY WOULD BE CARRIED OUT. THIS WOULD BE FOLLOWED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF A FULL-SIZE PROTOTYPE REGENERATION SYSTEM. THIS SYSTEM WOULD FIRST BE TESTED AT THE LABORATORY BENCH, THEN WITH ANIMALS AND FINALLY IT WOULD UNDERGO CLINICAL TRIALS WITH HUMANS AT A KIDNEY TREATMENT CENTER.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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