A PROBE-CLIP DEVICE FOR IN SITU ASSAY OF BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 13886
Amount: $479,611.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1992
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Grace Bio-oncology Laboratory
900 Auburn Rd #105, Pontiac, MI, 48057
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Charles M Mcgrath
 (313) 332-7100
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP NEW IN SITU (HYBRIDIZATION AND IMMUNOCYTOCHEMISTRY) ASSAY TECHNOLOGY TO TAKE FULL ADVANTAGEOF THE NEW GENERATION OF REAGENTS FOR DETECTING LOW-ABUNDANCE REGULATORY MACROMOLECULES IN CELLS. IN SITU ASSAYS OFTEN DEFER TO BIOCHEMICAL ASSAYS EVEN THOUGH THEY ARE BETTER SUITED, BECAUSE THEY ARE LESS CONVENIENT AND RELIABLE. STANDARD IN SITU METHODS ARE CAPILLARITY-BASED, OPEN-CHAMBERMETHODS CHARACTERIZED BY HANDLING AND DEHYDRATION ARTIFACTS,POOR TEMPERATURE CONTROL, AND MANY MANUAL STEPS. AUTOMATED UNITS THAT ARE NOW AVAILABLE WORK ON THE SAME PRINCIPLE AND,CONSEQUENTLY, DO LITTLE MORE THAN COMPOUND THE PROBLEMS INTRINSIC TO THE CAPILLARITY DESIGN. THE PROBE-CLIP REACTION UNIT DEVIATES FROM EXISTING MODELS IN SIX KEY ASPECTS: (1) THE REACTION CHAMBER IS CLOSED RATHER THAN OPEN, (2) THERE ARE TWO CHAMBERS RATHER THAN ONE, (3) IN-CHAMBER REACTANT MIXING IS BY GRAVITY RATHER THAN CAPILLARITY, (4) REACTANTS ARE CONVEYED TO THE CHAMBER IN SOLID RATHER THAN LIQUID STATE, (5) WASHING IS IN A HIGH-AMBIENT-VOLUME CLOSED CHAMBER RATHER THAN A FAST-FLOWING OPEN STREAM, AND (6) TEMPERATURE CONTROL IS BY CONDUCTION RATHER THAN BY CONVECTION. THESE CHANGES GIVE NUMEROUS ADVANTAGES RELATED TO SPEED, SAFETY, VERSATILITY, AND SENSITIVITY. IN PHASE I, A SIX-PLACE MANUALLY OPERATED PROTOTYPE WILL BE BUILT FOR THE RESEARCH LABORATORY TO VALIDATE THE DESIGN CONCEPT FOR AN AUTOMATED MODEL TO BE DEVELOPED IN PHASE II.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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