High Fidelity Regolith Simulation Tool for ISRU Applications

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$99,808.00
Award Year:
2008
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX08CB58P
Award Id:
88008
Agency Tracking Number:
075583
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1141 Catalina Drive, PMB #270, Livermore, CA, 94550
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
193084980
Principal Investigator:
Otis Walton
Principal Investigator
(925) 447-4293
walton@grainflow.com
Business Contact:
Otis Walton
Business Official
(925) 447-4293
walton@grainflow.com
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
NASA has serious unmet needs for simulation tools capable of predicting the behavior of lunar regolith in proposed excavation, transport and handling systems. Current simulation tools do not include the effects of triboelectric and photo-ionization induced charges on regolith particles. Existing DEM or FE models largely focus on coarse smooth non-brittle particles and lack adequate fidelity for fine cohesive powders comprised of friable particles with irregular shapes. As such, they are inadequate for assessing the reliability of regolith excavation and handling systems, and even less so for evaluation of engineering trade offs between total system mass, power and energy consumption. Grainflow Dynamics proposes to develop a high-fidelity DEM model incorporating a new charge-spot model for electrostatic forces arising from localized charge patches on the surfaces and in the interiors of individual particles, and also including an innovative new comprehensive cohesive-contact model. Grainflow Dynamics further proposes to demonstrate the ability of the new cohesive-contact model to mimic the compaction and dispersion behavior of lunar regolith simulants JSC-1A and JSC-1AF. This work will lead to an improved engineering design tool that can be used by NASA engineers and contractors developing designs for ISRU equipment, to evaluate reliability of various configurations, and the trade-offs of system designs.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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