High Fidelity Multi-Scale Regolith Simulation Tool for ISRU

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNX09CA49C
Agency Tracking Number: 075583
Amount: $599,619.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2009
Solicitation Year: 2007
Solicitation Topic Code: X5.02
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Grainflow Dynamics, Inc.
1141 Catalina Drive, PMB #270, Livermore, CA, 94550-5928
DUNS: 193084980
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Otis Walton
 Principal Investigator
 (925) 447-4293
 walton@grainflow.com
Business Contact
 Otis Walton
Title: Business Official
Phone: (925) 447-4293
Email: walton@grainflow.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
NASA has serious unmet needs for simulation tools capable of predicting the behavior of lunar regolith in proposed excavation, transport and handling systems. Existing discrete element method (DEM) or finite element (FE) models lack adequate fidelity for fine cohesive powders comprised of friable particles with irregular shapes and exhibiting substantial bulk dilation upon initial excavation. As such, they are inadequate for assessing the reliability of regolith excavation and handling systems, and even less so for evaluation of engineering trade-offs between total system mass, power and energy consumption. Also, current simulation tools do not include the effects of triboelectric and photo-ionization-induced charges on regolith particles. Building on the successful Phase-1development of a new charge-patch electrostatic model and a comprehensive cohesive particle interaction model for DEM, Grainflow Dynamics proposes to develop a high-fidelity predictive calculational tool, in the form of a DEM module with calibrated interparticle-interaction relationships, coupled with a FE module utilizing enhanced, calibrated, constitutive models which, together, are capable of mimicking both large deformations and the flow behavior of regolith simulants and lunar regolith under conditions anticipated in ISRU operations. This will not only provide unparalleled fidelity but also will leverage the computational efficiency of the continuum FE codes to drastically reduce the simulation time and resources necessary to perform engineering analyses on regolith systems. In addition, the modules will be parallelized to maximize their usefulness in multi-core and cluster computing environments. This work will lead to an improved engineering design tool that can be used by NASA engineers and contractors developing designs for ISRU equipment to evaluate both the reliability of various configurations as well as the trade-offs of system designs.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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