DEVELOPMENT OF WHEELCHAIR OCCUPANT CRASH PROTECTION DEVICES

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Transportation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,800.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
11001
Agency Tracking Number:
11001
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Po Box 313, Buffalo, NY, 14226
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
WHEELCHAIR OCCUPANTS ARE EXTREMELY VULNERABLE TO INJURY IN EVEN MODERATE SPEED CRASHES BECAUSE OF THE OPEN ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH THEY ARE BEING TRANSPORTED TODAY. IT IS COMMON PRACTICE TO TRANSPORT THE WHEELCHAIR BOUND POPULATION FACINGSIDEWAYS IN VANS AND BUSSES. THIS SIDE-FACING ORIENTATION EXPOSES THE WHEELCHAIR OCCUPANT TO A DISPROPORTIONATE AMOUNTOF DANGER IN THE EVENT OF FRONTAL OR REAR-END COLLISIONS. WE PROPOSE TO DEVELOPED A SYSTEM TO PROVIDE PROPER PROTECTION FOR THIS CLASS OF TRANSPORTED PERSONS USING THE CONCEPTS OF COMPARTMENTALIZATION AND INFLATABLE RESTRAINTS TO MORE EFFECTIVELY SECURE THE WHEELCHAIR AND ITS OCCUPANT IN MOST CRASH SITUATIONS. THIS INFLATABLE COMPARTMENTALIZEDCRASH PROTECTION SYSTEM WILL PROTECT WHEELCHAIR OCCUPANTS FROM CONTACT WITH THE ADJACENT WHEELCHAIR/OCCUPANT COMPLEX, PREVENT EXCESSIVE LATERAL FLEXION OF THE UPPER TORSO AND CUSHION THE OCCUPANT'S HEAD AND TORSO DURING A CRASH. FURTHERMORE, THIS SAFETY DEVICE WILL NOT PRECLUDE THE VEHICLE DRIVER AND/OR ATTENDANT FROM VISUAL CONTACT WITH THEWHEELCHAIR OCCUPANTS DURING TRANSIT. AS PART OF THE SYSTEM, A WHEELCHAIR SECUREMENT MECHANISM WILL BE DEVELOPED WHICH PROVIDES BOTH FRONTAL AND LATERAL STABILITY AND RESTRAINT.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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