DEVELOPMENT OF SEX REVERSAL TECHNOLOGY FOR CULTURED MARINE SHRIMP AND FRESHWATER PRAWN BROODSTOCK

Award Information
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 14116
Amount: $49,251.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1990
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
1103 9th Ave Suite 206, Honolulu, HI, 96816
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Dr Spencer R Malecha
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
FRESHWATER PRAWNS (MACROBRACHIUM ROSENBERGII) AND SOME MARINE SHRIMP (PENAEUS SP) HAVE SEXUAL DIMORPHISM WHICH MANDATES THAT SEX OF THESE SPECIES BE MANAGED SEPARATELY. MONOSEX AND SKEWED SEX RATIO PROGENY GROUPS CAN BE GENERATEDFORM MATING SEX REVERSED PARENTAL BROODSTOCK. THE TECHNOLOGY TO DO THIS COULD BE BASED UPON SEX REVERSAL USINGTHE ANDROGENIC HORMONE (AH) FROM THE ANDROGENIC GLAND (AG) -AN ORGAN RESPONSIBLE FOR MASCULINIZATION. WHEN AH OR AG IS DELIVERED TO SEXUALLY UNDIFFERENTIATED FEMALES THEY DEVELOP INTO FUNCTIONING MALES. THE WORK PROPOSED HERE FOCUSES ON THE INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF A DELIVERY SYSTEM TO SEX REVERSE PRAWNS AND SHRIMP USING PRAWN AG AND LYOPHILIZED CELL-FREE EXTRACT (LCE). CROSS SPECIES REACTIVITY IS TESTED USING PRAWN AG IMPLANTS INTO MARINE SHRIMP. ENTERIC COAT LCE WILLALSO BE DELIVERED TO THE JUVENILE AND OVIGEROUS PRAWNS AND SHRIMP BY INJECTION TESTING DOSAGE LEVELS OF 5, 10, AND 20 PRAWN ANDROGENIC GLAND UNITS (PAGUS). EVIDENCE OF MASCULINIZATION WILL BE JUDGED BY THE APPEARANCE OF MALE SECONDARY SEX APPENDAGE CHARACTERISTICS AND INITIATION OF ACUTE DEGENERATION OF OOCYTES. RESULTS ANTICIPATED ARE THAT THE CELL-FREE EXTRACT CONTAINING THE PRAWN ANDROGENIC GLAND HORMONE WILL CAUSE AN ACUTE POSITIVE REACTION IN THE FEMALE RECIPIENT - OVARIES WILL BEGIN TO DEGENERATE AND MALE SECONDARY CHARACTERISTICS WILL APPEAR. MARINE SHRIMP WILL RESPOND TO GLANDULAR IMPLANTS IN A SIMILAR FASHION. EVENTUAL COMMERCIAL APPLICATION INCLUDES THE ABILITY TO REAR ONE SEX OR THE OTHER WITH A 20-30% INCREASE IN PRODUCTION.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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