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Lung Delivery of Nebulized Tissue Plasminogen Activator

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41HL071439-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: HL071439
Amount: $99,693.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Solicitation Year: N/A
Award Year: 2003
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
Hercules, CA 94547
United States
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (303) 315-6993
Business Contact
Phone: (510) 367-0528
Research Institution
AURORA, CO 80045
United States

 Nonprofit College or University

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) afflicts tens of thousands of individuals annually in the United States and is associated with significant mortality. Presently, there is no effective treatment and little optimism exists for prospective therapies currently under investigation. A unique antiinflammatory agent (protein) that reduces neutrophil reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated injury in an animal model of lung inflammation has been identified and represents a potentially viable therapy for ARDS. Therefore, the broad, long-term objectives of this research and drug development program are to develop a unique, localized (lung-targeted) therapy that will be effective in reducing the mortality associated with ARDS. The purpose of this phase I application is to prove the principle of this strategy in man by developing a drug formulation that will sustain the nebulization process and distribute adequately into the human respiratory tract. To this end, the specific aims of this project are to: 1) formulate the agent to make it suitable for local pulmonary delivery via nebulization while retaining activity. Optimal formulation will be derived by the addition of varying concentrations of surfactant. The formulation activities will include an assessment of protein stability, aerodynamic particle size, and biological function. Protein stability will be measured by total protein recovery and structural integrity. Particle size will be determine using a cascade impactor and biological activity will be quantified by the ability of the agent to inhibit neutrophil ROS production; 2) characterize the respiratory deposition of a nebulized formulation of the agent in a human lung replica model. This aim is designed to generate additional supportive evidence to prove the principle of the formulation in man. To accomplish this aim, each viable formulation, as determined by the feasibility criteria of specific aim #1, will be nebulized into a human lung replica. A high-fidelity human lung replica reproduced from a master cast made from a human cadaver which includes five to nine generations of bronchi will be utilized. Deposition in the small airways and alveoli regions of the cast is simulated by material that passes through the upstream airways and is collected on foam filters. The results of the work performed in both specific aims will determine the feasibility of the nebulized formulation of this new and novel agent as well as serve as the basis for a phase II application and the subsequent commercialization of the product

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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