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Biorecovery of Nutrients from Municipal Wastewaters with Co-production of Biofuels and Other Bioproducts

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-SC0020759
Agency Tracking Number: 252317
Amount: $206,413.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 07a
Solicitation Number: DE-FOA-0002146
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2020
Award Year: 2020
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2020-06-29
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2021-06-28
Small Business Information
PO Box 15821
San Louis Obispo, CA 93406-5821
United States
DUNS: 611654141
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Ian Woertz
 (805) 242-3540
 IanWoertz@MicroBioEngineering.com
Business Contact
 Ian Woertz
Phone: (805) 242-3876
Email: ianwoertz@microbioengineering.com
Research Institution
 Cal Poly State University
 Amy Velasco
 
PO Box 15821
San Louis Obispo, CA 93406-5821
United States

 (805) 756-2982
 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract

Nutrient pollution of lakes, estuaries, coastal areas and other water bodies frequently results in algae blooms, sometimes toxic, and often leading to anoxia, fish kills and dead zones. Efforts to reign-in nutrient pollution, in particular of phosphorus, P, have been lagging and noxious algae blooms make headlines almost daily all over the US and world. This is a problem attracting increasing attention of the public and politicians, responding to businesses and residents impacted by the algal blooms, from declines in property values to lost tourism and recreation business, to commercial fisheries, and even public health. Current technologies for phosphorus control are expensive, and increasingly stringent regulations on nutrient discharges are raising costs to homeowners, businesses, municipalities, even farmers, but with relatively little effect. These problems provide opportunities for innovative technologies that can provide cost-effective technologies to remove nutrients from both point and non-point sources, such as municipal wastewater treatment plants and agricultural run-off. Microalgae have evolved the capability to effectively capture nutrients, in particular P, from the environment, reducing their levels to essentially non-detectable. Microalgae are also potential sources of biofuels and bioproducts. Using wastewater nutrients has been one approach to reduce costs of microalgae biofuels production. There is an opportunity to use nutrients being discharged into, or even those already present in, the environment, to produce algal biomass for biofuels and bioproducts, while generating revenues from pollution control services provided by such processes. The focus of this proposed project is specifically on remediation of low-levels of P, generally, the main culprit in algal blooms. Stringent regulations on P discharges, which are very costly to meet, provide an opportunity for novel technologies that have lower costs than established processes. An innovative process is described herein that uses filamentous microalgae able to recover P at low concentrations discharged from wastewater treatment plants. Concentrations that, however, still exceed current and prospective regulatory mandates for such effluents. The algae technology would also have future applications for other low-concentration P releases to the environment, and even to remediation of P already present in nutrient polluted waters. The work in Phase I of this SBIR will demonstrate this technology at the proof-of-concept level, through operation of the actual process for extended period. This will allowing for the monitoring and validation of the achievable reductions in low-concentrations of influent P. The biomass produced can be valorized for use in biofuels, biofertilizers and bioplastics.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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