Ultra-High Resolution Magnetometers Based on APF SQUIDs
Department of Health and Human Services
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Hypres, Inc., 175 Clearbrook Rd, Elmsford, NY, 10523
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
AbstractDESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of the proposed research is to develop Ultra-High Resolution, thin film low-temperature superconductivity (LTS) SQUID Magnetometers (UHRSM) with integrated pickup-loops and Additional Positive Feedback (APF). The UHRSM will be optimized for imaging of the magnetic fields produced by action currents, injury and developmental currents, remnant magnetization, and magnetic susceptibility in isolated living tissue and small experimental animal preparations. As a collaborative effort between HYPRES and several research institutions, including Living State Physics of Vanderbilt University, analog SQUID magnetometers are being developed for imaging applications. In order to utilize SQUIDs for these applications, their voltages are amplified by a step-up transformer so it could be instrumented with room temperature electronics. The use of a step-up transformer requires extensive peripheral electronics for linearization, thus limiting the number of SQUID magnetometer channels in a practical system. We are proposing to develop a novel SQUID with APF that eliminates the need for the transformer, and as a result simplifies the peripheral electronics significantly. The proposed APF SQUID integrates an on-chip feedback coil with the SQUID. This can increase the gain of the device substantially, and as a result no step-up transformer is required for read out. The proposed research involves the staged development and implementation of a SQUID design to enhance the spatial resolution and maximize the field sensitivity for specific applications. The existing expertise will be exploited further to develop and improve SQUID sensors for general and custom biomagnetic applications which require higher-sensitivity SQUID magnetometers and gradiometers but lower spatial resolution. An aggressive program of biophysical measurements at Vanderbilt coupled with the technical expertise at HYPRES will lead to both a commercially attractive UHRSM instrument and a valuable national capability for fabrication of new designs for SQUID sensors.
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