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(2) Adaptive Perception Behaviors (APB)

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Navy
Contract: N68335-20-F-0130
Agency Tracking Number: N193-A02-0173
Amount: $149,969.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: N193-A02
Solicitation Number: 19.3
Solicitation Year: 2019
Award Year: 2020
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2019-11-21
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2020-04-20
Small Business Information
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
DUNS: 115243701
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Ross Eaton
 Principal Scientist
 (617) 491-3474
Business Contact
 Yvonne Fuller
Phone: (617) 491-3474
Research Institution

To be mission-relevant, Navy unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) must perceive and behave like manned ships. Cameras are valuable for supporting human-like perception because their high-resolution detail enables ship classification, tracking, COLREGS determination, and threat characterization. Human watchstanders use a variety of cues and heuristics to scan the surroundings and contacts optimally, but current camera systems do not offer the same intelligent, adaptive perception. To deliver capable, adaptable maritime perception, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of Adaptive Perception Behaviors (APB) for smart maritime cameras. APB enables cameras to behave like human watchstanders, without intervention from external autonomy systems, by intelligently balancing competing perception behaviors, such as examining contacts and scanning the surface for new contacts. APB couples our SeaSaw smart maritime camera with a pan-tilt mount and intelligent behavior optimization to create a self-controlled camera that can detect, classify, and track ships and decide on the best order in which to inspect surface contacts to ensure safe navigation. Beyond simple surface situational awareness, APB provides AIS spoofing detection, threat classification, and COLREGS compliance. By decoupling autonomy and perception, APB simplifies USV design and facilitates perception hardware and behavior upgrades on USVs, making USVs more capable and adaptable.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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