FUNCTIONAL OR BEHAVIORAL MYOPIA IS A SERIOUS HANDICAP IN OUR SOCIETY, CHARACTERIZED AS IT IS BY EMPHASIS ON EDUCATIONAL PURSUITS WITH THEIR HIGH VISUAL WORKLOAD.

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 1450
Amount: $50,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1984
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Illiana Aviation Science
2090 Wyoming, Las Cruces, NM, 88001
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 ROBERT J. RANDLE
 SENIOR SCIENTIST
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
FUNCTIONAL OR BEHAVIORAL MYOPIA IS A SERIOUS HANDICAP IN OUR SOCIETY, CHARACTERIZED AS IT IS BY EMPHASIS ON EDUCATIONAL PURSUITS WITH THEIR HIGH VISUAL WORKLOAD. NOT ONLY IN EDUCATION BUT IN INDUSTRY AS WELL, THE INCREASING USE OF VIDEO TERMINALS IS EXACERBATING THE PROBLEM. BEHAVIORAL MYOPIA APPEARS TO DEVELOP THROUGH LONG-TERM DEPRIVATION OF THE FAR VISUAL RESPONSE BROUGHT ABOUT BY OVER USE OF THE NEAR RESPONSE IN CONJUNCTION WITH UNRECOGNIZED INTERNAL STRESS. IT IS A PROGRESSIVE PHENOMENON THAT APPEARS TO HAVE STRONG EMOTIONAL, PERSONALITY, AND STRESS COMPONENTS. THE GOAL OF OUR RESEARCH IS TO DEMONSTRATE THAT MYOPIA REMISSION MAY BE ATTAINED THROUGH THE USE OF AUDITORY FEEDBACK OF THE ONGOING ACCOMMODATIVE STATE PROVIDED BY AN AUTOMATIC, SERVO-CONTROLLED, INFRA-RED OPTOMETER. THE STRATEGY EMPLOYED WILL BE TO BRING INTO AWARENESS THE LEARNED AND HABITUAL CILIARY SPASM BY COUPLING THE VISUAL ACCOMMODATION RESPONSE FROM THE OPTOMETER TO A TONE GENERATOR. THIS WILL PROVIDE AN EXPLICIT INDICATION OF THE CURRENT STATE OF THE FOCUS RESPONSE OF WHICH THE TRAINEE IS FULLY CONSCIOUS. THIS RESEARCH WILL PROVIDE A TECHNOLOGICAL BASIS FOR DEFINING A SIMPLER, LOW-COST DEVICE WITH WIDE POTENTIAL APPLICATION AS AN AID TO THE VISUALLY HANDICAPPED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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