MAJOR RESEARCH FINDINGS OFTEN QUICKLY FOLLOW THE INVENTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW OR BETTER METHOD OF MEASURING SOMETHING, THEREBY CONTRIBUTING TO SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1985
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
3166
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Illiana Aviation Sciences Limi
2090 Wyoming Ave., Las Cruces, NM, 88001
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
STANLEY N. ROSCOE
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
(505) 646-1408
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
MAJOR RESEARCH FINDINGS OFTEN QUICKLY FOLLOW THE INVENTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW OR BETTER METHOD OF MEASURING SOMETHING, THEREBY CONTRIBUTING TO SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. HENNESSY'S DEVELOPMENT OF THE LASER OPTOMETER IN 1970 LED TO AN EXPLOSION OF RESEARCH FINDINGS THAT SUBSTANTIALLY REVISED OUR CENTURY-OLD CONCEPTION OF THE VISUAL ACCOMMODATION PROCESS AND ITS FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE. LASER OPTOMETERS AND THE MORE SOPHISTICATED INFRARED 3-D EYETRACKERS ARE EXCELLENT LABORATORY DEVICES, BUT THEY ARE EXPENSIVE, HARD TO USE, AND UNSUITED TO OPERATION IN APPLIED SETTINGS IN WHICH PEOPLE PERFORM REAL-WORLD VISUAL TASKS. ANOTHER MAJOR DRAWBACK OF THESE DEVICES IS THAT THE SUBJECT USING THEM DOES NOT KNOW WHEN HE IS OUT OF ALIGNMENT BECAUSE HE CANNOT SEE THE MEASUREMENT LIGHT. THUS, SMALL PUPILS ARE A LARGE PROBLEM. OUR PROPOSED DEVICE CIRCUMVENTS THAT DIFFICULTY. (SEE LOVASIK'S DISCUSSION OF THE PUPIL PROBLEM IN HIS INFRARED OPTOMETER, 1983). IN 1979, SIMONELLI, AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS, DEVELOPED A PROTOTYPE OPTOMETER THAT SUBSTITUTED POLARIZED LIGHT FOR LASER LIGHT AND PROVED EQUALLY OR MORE EFFECTIVE IN THE LABORATORY. WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE POTENTIAL APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF THE POLARIZED VERNIER OPTOMETER TO THE DEFINITION OF A COMPACT, LIGHT-WEIGHT, SAFE, ACCURATE, AND RELATIVELY INEXPENSIVE EYE-FOCUS MEASUREMENT DEVICE THAT WILL BE EASY TO USE IN APPLIED SETTINGS AND WILL NEITHER AFFECT WHAT IS BEING MEASURED NOR INTERFERE WITH THE PERFORMANCE OF REAL-WORLD VISUAL TASKS SUCH AS DRIVING, FLYING, AND OPERATING COMPUTER TERMINALS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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