IDENTIFYING CRYPTOSPORIDIUM PROTECTIVE ANTIGEN GENES

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$490,365.00
Award Year:
1994
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
18967
Agency Tracking Number:
18967
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
56 Evergreen Drive, Portland, ME, 04103
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Samuel A Lewis
(207) 878-2770
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
CRYPTOSPORIDIUM PARVUM IS A SIGNIFICANT HUMAN PATHOGEN WHOSE INCIDENCE HAS INCREASED DRAMATICALLY IN THE LAST DECADE AND THAT CURRENTLY INFECTS APPROXIMATLY 10% OF AIDS PATIENTS INTHE U.S. MORTALITY DUE TO THIS PARASITE EXCEEDS 60% OF INFECTED IMMUNOCOMPROMISED PATIENTS. NO THERAPEUTIC DRUGS ARE AVAILABLE; HOWEVER, BOVINE COLOSTRUM THAT CONTAINS ANTI- CRYPTOSPORIDIUM ANTIBODIES HAS PROVEN EFFICACIOUS IN ANIMAL STUDIES AND PATIENTS. THE AVAILABILITY OF CLONED, PROTECTIVE ANTIGENS WOULD REMOVE MAJOR OBSTACLES IN QUANTIFYING PROTECTIVE ANTIBODY AND IN REPRODUCING VACCINES FOR A PASSIVE ANTIBODY PRODUCT. CLONED PROTEINS FROM A LAMBDA GT11 EXPRESSION LIBRARY HAVE BEEN SELECTED AS POTENTIAL PROTECTIVE ANTIGENS BASED ON THE LOCALIZATION OF THESE ANTIGENS ON SPOROZOITES. THESE ANTIGENS WILL BE SCREENED FOR RECOGNITION BY PROTECTIVE ANTIBODY. POSITIVE CLONES WILL BE USED TO AFFINITY PURIFY ANTIBODY THAT, IN TURN, WILL BE ASSAYED FOR PROTECTIVE ACTIVITY IN VITRO. ANTIBODY WILLALSO BE AFFINITY PURIFIED FROM THE COGNATE SPOROZOITE PROTEINS (USING WESTERN BLOTTING OF NATIVE GELS) TO ESTIMATE THE PROTECTION PROVIDED BY ANTIBODIES TO NATIVE PROTEINS. THE LONG- TERM GOAL IS TO USE A CLONED ANTIGEN IN THE PRODUCTION AND QUANTITATION OF ANTI-CRYPTOSPORIDIUMPASSIVE ANTIBODY PRODUCT FOR TREATMENT OF INFECTED, IMMUNOCOMPROMISED PATIENTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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