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A Treatment Paradigm for Femoracetabular Impingement (FAI)

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R44AR077467-01
Agency Tracking Number: R44AR077467
Amount: $1,679,032.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAMS
Solicitation Number: PA19-272
Solicitation Year: 2019
Award Year: 2020
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2020-06-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2022-05-31
Small Business Information
2608 ERWIN RD, STE 19A
Durham, NC 27705-4597
United States
DUNS: 783502466
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (919) 912-9839
Business Contact
Phone: (919) 684-2521
Research Institution

Abstract: Fewer than 1 in 5 young patients suffering from activity limiting hip osteoarthritis (OA) choose to
undergo total hip replacement (THR) surgery, opting instead for symptom management. Despite being the
standard of care in hip OA, THR is not an ideal procedure for the young patient population because they will
require multiple revision surgeries in their lifetime, each iteration posing additional complications, quicker
implant failures, and overall decreased satisfaction. While the etiology of disease in this young population is
diverse, one clear target for intervention is femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), which directly leads to
osteochondral (OC) damage within the joint. Currently, there are no effective treatments for the OC lesions
caused by FAI, so these joints continue to degenerate and eventually require a THR. As such, there is a critical
need for new interventions that delay or halt the progression of FAI disease and the need for that initial joint
replacement. Our technology restores the function of the joint while only replacing the surface-level, diseased
tissue. The technological basis of our implant is a 3D woven scaffold, engineered to mimic the mechanical
properties of articular cartilage, which is then thermally bonded to a rigid printed substrate, which is engineered
for bone ingrowth. In order to function long-term in vivo, the implant must be populated with cells capable of
robust tissue synthesis. In this context, preculture with bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)
may be required for clinical use. However, a clear need exists to prove the chondrogenic potential of highly
variable MSC lots prior to their use clinically. The goals of this Direct to Phase II SBIR application are
therefore to first devise a method for rapidly screening the chondrogenic potential of allogeneic MSCs
using RNA sequencing in Aim 1, and then in Aim 2, to tissue-engineer a MSC-based joint resurfacing
implant to repair a large OC acetabular defect in an ovine model of FAI (CAM-type), at a site often
implicated in the young patient. All animals will receive an osteochondroplasty procedure to relieve
impingement and then be randomized to one of the following groups: 1) Control, debridement only; 2) acellular
‘implant only’ control; and 3) allogeneic MSC-based, tissue-engineered implant. Outcome measures are
selected to longitudinally track lameness, pain, and function during the study. As MRI is the gold standard for
clinical assessment, all animals will receive an MRI at the beginning of the study and after sacrifice, and these
scans will be correlated to histological and biomechanical properties of joint tissues. Systemic toxicity testing
will also be assessed according to ISO 10993-11. We expect that positive outcomes will enable us to move this
technology closer to clinical practice, with the ultimate goal of developing strategies to treat FAI and other
cartilage-related disease.Project Narrative
The overarching purpose of this project is to develop a treatment for repairing cartilage defects in young
patients that arise from extra bone growth in the hip joint (condition known as Femoroacetabular,
Impingement), and secondarily, to develop tools for rapidly quantifying the potency of stem cells for use with
our technology. Our approach comprises a unique biphasic implant that is engineered to withstand joint loading
while supporting the regeneration of diseased joint tissues, thereby offering distinct advantages over current
surgical treatments. A successful outcome will help move this technology closer to clinical use, providing
solutions for patients who have no good treatment options, and potentially becoming a viable treatment for
osteoarthritis and other joint diseases.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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