TOXIC PEPTIDES AS IMMUNOTOXIN COMPONENTS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
7143
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Inland Laboratories
10125 Metropolitan Drive, Austin, TX, 78758
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
MARK B CHANDLER PHD
(512) 834-1838
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
IMMUNOTOXINS COMBINE THE ACTIVITY OF A POWERFUL TOXIN WITH AN ANTIBODY CAPABLE OF DELIVERING THE CONJUGATE TO A SPECIFIC TARGET CELL. THESE COMPOUNDS HAVE PROVEN EFFECTIVEIN THE IN VITRO ELIMINATION OF A NUMBER OF CELL TYPES, INCLUDING LEUKEMIA CELLS AND THE BONE MARROW CELLS IMPLICATED IN GRAFT VERSUS HOST DISEASE. IMMUNOTOXINS MAY THUS BE AN EFFECTIVE WAY OF CONTROLLING A NUMBER OF DISEASE ATTRIBUTABLE TO A POPULATION OF ANTIGENICALLY DISTINCT CELLS. THE IN VIVO USE OF IMMUNOTOXINS IS CURRENTLY LIMITED BY AN UNACCEPTABLY HIGH LEVEL OF NONSPECIFIC TOXICITY. THIS IS LIKELY TO RESULT FROM THE ABILITY OF THE TOXIC COMPONENT TO ENTER THE CYTOSOL WITHOUT ANTIBODY HELP. THE GOAL OF THIS RESEARCH IS TO DEVELOP IMMUNOTOXIN COMPONENTS THAT RETAIN THEIR INTRACELLULAR TOXICITY, BUT ARE INCAPABLE OF TRANSMEMBRANE RELOCATION UNLESS BOUND TO ANTIBODY. FIVE RIBOSOME-INACTIVATING PROTEINS CAPABLE OF FUNCTIONING AS IMMUNOTOXIN COMPONENTS WILL BE ENZYMATICALLY OR CHEMICALLY CLEAVED INTO SMALLER PEPTIDES. IT IS HOPED THAT BY THIS PROCESS FUNCTIONAL DOMAINS OF THE TOXINS CAN BE FOUND THAT RETAIN THE ABILITY TO CATALYTICALLY INACTIVATE RIBOSOMES, BUT ARE INCAPABLE OF SELF-DIRECTED ENTRY INTO THECYTOSOL. THE ACTIVITY OF THESE PEPTIDES WILL BE TESTED IN VITRO IN WHOLE-CELL AND CELL-FREE ASSAYS OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, AS WELL AS IN VIVO WHERE THE LD50 OF ACTIVE PEPTIDES WILL BE COMPARED TO THAT OF THE INTACT TOXIN. THE AMINO ACID SEQUENCE OF ACTIVE PEPTIDES WILL ALSO BE DETERMINED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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