Plant Production and Delivery System for Bacterial Toxins to Mosquity Larvae

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R43AI080013-01
Agency Tracking Number: AI080013
Amount: $136,799.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2008
Solicitation Year: 2008
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2007-2
Small Business Information
DUNS: 145182767
HUBZone Owned: Y
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Y
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: (706) 542-4094
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mosquitoes are the insect vectors for numerous blood-borne human diseases that cause millions of deaths each year worldwide. Mosquito larvae are filter-feeders that inhabit quiet open-water environments including marshe s, ponds, and eddies along streams and rivers. Depending upon species, the larvae live at various depths in the water column and may be controlled by adding insecticides to the water. Some forms of bacterial toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies is raelensis (Bti toxin) have strong dipteran activity, and are specific for mosquito and related fly larvae. Bti-toxins are considered safer than all chemical insecticides, because they are harmless to most other insect species and to humans and other mammal s. BtBooster (BtB) proteins have been identified that enhance the toxicity of Bt-related toxins, and act by increasing toxin uptake in the larval midgut. A novel and inexpensive system for Bti and BtB production and delivery is needed that will reach diver se mosquito species in various aquatic environments and at various depths. Our biotechnical hypothesis is that: Bti and BtB expressed in seed oil bodies of oil-rich crop plants can be delivered effectively as a milled Bt- flour that will float at various l evels in the water column and kill feeding mosquito larvae. In this Phase I application, we will test this hypothesis by expressing Bti and BtB in the oil-rich seeds of the model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, a close relative of canola. The seeds will be mi lled into flour with a particle size approximating that of the food consumed by filter-feeding mosquito larvae. The buoyant Bti- and BtB-rich flour will be dispersed on water and fed to larvae of the various mosquito species that act as vectors for malaria , West Nile virus, and yellow fever and their mortality quantified. This project develops a more efficient, inexpensive, and environmentally safe solution to production and delivery of Bti-related toxins and Bt-Boosters for mosquito control. A phase II app lication is planned in which Bti and BtB will be expressed in canola (Brassica napus). The Bti/BtB expressing canola seeds can be produced and milled into Bt-flour at relatively low cost. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Mosquitoes are vectors for numerous blood-bo rn diseases, including malaria, yellow fever, West Nile virus, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, and dengue fever and worldwide cause millions of deaths annually. This project is designed to develop a novel, more efficient, inexpensive, and environmentall y safe solution to production and delivery of Bti-related toxins and Bt-Boosters for mosquito control at the larval stage, reaching diverse mosquito species in various aquatic environments. It should produce significant public health-related benefits throu gh better control of vector-borne disease and substantial commercial opportunities.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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