Airborne Detection of Spoofed ADS-B Reports (Physical-Layer Enhanced Information Fusion)

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Air Force
Amount:
$99,919.00
Award Year:
2010
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
FA8650-10-M-1824
Agency Tracking Number:
F093-141-1224
Solicitation Year:
2009
Solicitation Topic Code:
AF093-141
Solicitation Number:
2009.3
Small Business Information
ARCON Corporation
260 Bear Hill Road, Waltham, MA, 02451
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
062172143
Principal Investigator:
Aditya Kamal
Chief Engineer
(781) 890-3330
akk@arcon.com
Business Contact:
Jamaes Brunelle
VP. Finance
(781) 890-3330
jeb@arcon.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
The objective of this project is to design and demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative physical layer enhanced information fusion approach for real-time detection of air-to-air and ground-to-air spoofed ADS-B reports. The main components of our innovative system include: (1) physical layer based ADS-B spoofing detection; (2) onboard sensors based ADS-B spoofing detection; (3) ground ADS-B spoofing detection; (4) information fusion of multiple ADS-B spoofing detectors. Physical layer based ADS-B spoofing detection and Dempster-Shafer fusion are two core components of our proposed technique. Our algorithm is applicable to all airspaces no matter they are covered by radars/Multilateration or not. The physical layer based method can detect not only the spoofing attack in the air (spoof ADS-B report of aircraft), but also spoofing attack on the ground (spoof the ground station broadcasting). Our physical layer enhanced information fusion system for airborne ADS-B spoofing detection has wide military and commercial applications. BENEFIT: This innovative physical layer enhanced information fusion approach for detection of air-to-air and ground-to-air spoofed ADS-B reports has large potential applications for military and commercial platforms. The primary DoD applications include manned military aircraft, unmanned military aircraft, and helicopter. Our ADS-B spoofing detection technique can protect DOD aircraft from denial of aircraft access attacks via spoofed ADS-B reports. Commercial applications include civil aircraft and UAVs. It can be used directly in the Next Generation Air Transportation Systems (NextGen) to improve the safety, capacity, and efficiency of commercial flights.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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