Sensitive and Specific Detection of Early Warning Fire Signatures

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NAS3-02161
Agency Tracking Number: 013325
Amount: $599,996.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2002
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
2520 W. 237th Street, Torrance, CA, 90505
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Vladimir Rubtsov
 Principal Investigator
 (310) 530-7130
Business Contact
 Ashutosh Sharma
Title: Chief R&D Officer
Phone: (310) 530-7130
Research Institution
An airborne fire is one of the most dreaded emergencies, as all pilots will acknowledge. Isolated at high altitudes, a fire-induced loss of systems can disable the aircraft beyond control. The space shuttles and the International Space Station face an even worse predicament. While an aircraft can land on a short notice, spacecraft are totally vulnerable. Existing fire sensors detect smoke or flame, indicating that the fire is in a relatively advanced stage, but these systems produce false alarms 199 times out of 200. Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop a fire onset detection system (FODS) that will: (a) detect fire at a very early stage, without false alarm, by performing trend analysis on key chemical markers and temperature, and (b) provide a continuous status update for intelligent decision making by the crew. In Phase I, IOS established the feasibility of FODS by detecting 50 ppm of carbon monoxide. In Phase II, the project team will develop and test a compact FODS prototype. This prototype system will have the capability to react to several fire markers simultaneously with a high level of reliability.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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