Incorporation of Metallic Nanoparticles in Lightweight Composite Materials for Radiation Shielding in Space-Based Monitoring of Nuclear Explosions

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-06ER84632
Agency Tracking Number: 80007B06-I
Amount: $100,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2005
Solicitation Topic Code: 02
Solicitation Number: DE-FG01-05ER05-28
Small Business Information
P.O. Box 757, Dublin, VA, 24084
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: Y
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Russell Churchill
 Dr.
 (540) 633-1424
 intlsci@earthlink.net
Business Contact
 Wanda Gibson
Title: Ms.
Phone: (540) 633-1424
Email: intlsci@earthlink.net
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The potential availability of nuclear weapons technology in rogue states has led to the emergence of a new threat. Space-based monitoring of nuclear explosions can be an important tool, but the electronic sub-systems must be shielded against both nuclear explosions and background space radiation. Weight considerations have led to the requirement for lightweight composite materials, which must provide radiation resistance while reducing, or at least not adding to, the mass of the monitoring satellite vehicle. This project will develop metallic nanoparticle additives for incorporation in graphite fiber/polymer matrix composites. The resulting materials will provide radiation hardening of structural materials in the face of nuclear events and background space radiation. Phase I will select and design the nanoparticle metallic additives and then fabricate graphite-fiber/polymer-matrix composite materials containing these additives. The resulting composite materials will be tested for radiation-shielding effectiveness in the face of various classes of radiation, such as neutrons and gamma rays at different energy levels. The thermo-mechanical, electrostatic, and dielectric properties of the material will be determined and used to optimize the material design. A taxonomy of system parameters will be established for further development during Phase II .Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: The advanced radiation-hardened materials should find commercial applications in the defense and homeland security sectors, and in medical and power-generation industries. Economic benefit would accrue from cost reductions in the space-based monitoring of nuclear explosions. Social benefits would result from greater security and from enhanced radiation protection for ground-based personnel in nuclear facility maintenance.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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