ABSOLUTE NEAR-INFRARED BRAIN OXIMETER

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$2,014,758.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
2R44NS040597-04
Award Id:
66659
Agency Tracking Number:
NS040597
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
ISS, INC., 1602 NEWTON DR, CHAMPAIGN, IL, 61822
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
152117347
Principal Investigator:
ANTONIOS MICHALOS
(217) 359-8681
ANTONIOS.MICHALOS@ISS.COM
Business Contact:
BENIAMINO BARBIERI
(217) 359-8681
beniamino.barbieri@iss.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our goals in Phases I and II have been completed and showed the feasibility of our approach for assessing brain vascular autoregulatory responses to hypoxic stimuli. Frequency Domain Near-Infrared Spectroscopy offers t he advantage of performing safe, non-invasive, transcranial, quantitative, real time measurements of cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation. Our main objective was the launch of this technique in Sleep Medicine Research. The standard diagnostic instrumentat ion (polysomnography) used in Sleep Medicine gives important information on the functionality of different systems. However, it does not provide the clinician with information on cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics during sleep, that are important factor s to determine. The assessment of these parameters, via near infrared spectroscopy, in Obstructive Sleep Apnea sufferers is crucial because of the high prevalence of this affliction and of the significant cardio/cerebrovascular health risk it represents. A lthough this has been a technical research proposal, we have been excited with the enormous potential of the scientific information we obtained during the few preclinical trials of Phase II of this application. We developed the first commercially available Absolute Near-Infrared Oximeter (OxiplexTS). This is a portable device that may be applied in conjunction with other devices such as the standard polysomnography equipment to monitor the severity of the apneic insult on the brain during overnight testing. This instrumentation may be also applied as a stand alone tool to facilitate cost-effective early detection and screening of morbid cardio/cerebrovascular effects of medical conditions such as Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. In this Phase III clinical t rial we propose to perform the necessary number of clinical studies required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Investigational New Devices and assess performance standards of OxiplexTS related to the FDA approval process. The overall goal of IS S, Inc. is the commercialization of an FDA approved instrument for applications in Sleep Medicine as well as in the broader field of clinical cardiovascular/cerebrovascular diagnostics. The socioeconomic benefit lies in identifying patients at cardiovascul ar risk. Subsequent timely treatment minimizes costly therapy of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular sequelae of disorders such as sleep apnea as well as reduces mortality. Our ultimate goal is the FDA approval and the introduction of the Frequency Doma in Near-infrared Brain Oximeter (OxiplexTS) in clinical diagnostics for the investigation of brain oxygenation and hemodynamics. The evaluation of brain vascular autoregulatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia enable the assessment of the brain vascula r health. The socioeconomic benefit lies in identifying patients at cerebrovascular risk. Subsequent timely treatment minimizes costly therapy of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular sequelae of disorders such as Obstructive Sleep Apnea as well as reduce s mortality.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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