THERMOPHILIC MICROORGANISMS FOR COAL BIOSOLUBILIZATION

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1988
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
7803
Agency Tracking Number:
7803
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
210 South Wallace, Bozeman, MT, 59715
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
KENNETH RUNNION
() -
Business Contact:
Dr Joan Combie
(406) 586-8744
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
COAL LIQUEFACTION TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN DEVELOPED TO THE STAGEWHERE SUCCESSFUL PILOT PLANTS ARE NOW IN OPERATION IN THE UNITED STATES. HOWEVER, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS HAVE CURTAILED PLANS FOR COMMERCIAL VENTURES. BY SOLUBILIZING OXIDIZED COAL WITH THE HELP OF LIGNIN-DEGRADINGMICROORGANISMS, RESEARCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO CONVERT COAL TO WATERSOLUBLE DEGRADATION PRODUCTS. THIS FORM OF BIOLOGICAL COAL PROCESSING UNDER MILD OPERATING CONDITIONS PROVIDES SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL ADVANTAGES OVER THERMAL/CHEMICAL COAL CONVERSION PROCESSES. THE NEEDS OF COAL BIOSOLUBILIZATION RESEARCH INCLUDE ISOLATION OF NOVEL MICROORGANISMS, IDENTIFICATION OF DEGRADATION PRODUCTS, DETERMINATION OF THE BIOCHEMICAL PROCESS, AND EXPANSION OF THE VARIETY OF COALS AMENABLE TO LIQUEFACTION BY MICROORGANISMS. DURING THIS RESEARCH PROJECT, THERMOPHILIC (HEAT STABLE) MICROORGANISMS WILL BE COLLECTED FROM A NEARBY GEOTHERMAL REGION. THE SPECIFIC TARGET WILL BE ORGANISMS FLOURISHING IN THE PRESENCE OF LIGNIN AND HYDROCARBONS. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT MICROORGANISMS ADAPTED TO SUCH EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS WILL BE ABLE TO LIQUEFYCOAL EFFECTIVELY UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS AND HAVE THE ADDEDADVANTAGE OF APPLICABILITY TO LIGNIN AND HYDROCARBON DEGRADATION. THESE UNUSUAL MICROORGANISMS WILL ADVANCE THISDEVELOPING TECHNOLOGY.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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