OPTIMIZING IN VITRO SURVIVAL OF POSTNATAL CNS NEURONS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Amount:
$50,000.00
Program:
SBIR
Contract:
N/A
Solitcitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Branch:
N/A
Award Year:
1989
Phase:
Phase I
Agency Tracking Number:
11374
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Small Business Information
Kawamoto Research Services
Box 330 Gibbon Rd, R D #4, Norwich, NY, 13815
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Duns:
N/A
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
ALTHOUGH MOST IN VITRO STUDIES OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) DEVELOPMENT, TRANSPLANTATION, REGENERATION, NEUROPATHOLOGY, OR ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY REQUIRE ONLY SMALL AMOUNTS OF NEURAL TISSUE, HUGE AMOUNTS ARE WASTED BECAUSE OF THE DIFFICULTY OF CULTURING ANY BUT THE YOUNGEST FETAL NEURONS. IMPROVED METHODS FOR TISSUE DISSOCIATION, TISSUE CULTURE, AND CRYOPRESERVATION OF MORE MATURE NEURONS WILL REDUCE THE NUMBERS OF ANIMALS REQUIRED FOR IN VITRO NEUROBIOLOGY IN SEVERAL WAYS. CRYOPRESERVATION ALLOWS EFFICIENT USE OF NEURONS FROM ENTIRE RODENT LITTERS OR FROM LARGER OR LESS READILY AVAILABLE FETUSES OR NEONATES. CRYOPRESERVATION, ALLOWING TRANSPORT OF CNS TISSUES AND CULTURE OF OLDER NEURONS, ALLOWS INVESTIGATORS, EVEN DISTANTLY LOCATED, TO USE MANY DIFFERENT CNS TISSUES FROM THE SAME ANIMAL, DESPITEVARIATIONS IN RELATIVE MATURITY OF THE NEURONS. THIS ENCOURAGES COLLABORATION USING LARGER OR LESS READILY AVAILABLE SPECIES THAT MAY BETTER REPRESENT HUMAN NEUROCHEMISTRY, NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, AND NEUROPATHOLOGY. NEONATES ROUTINELY CULLED FROM LARGE LITTERS COULD PROVIDE SUFFICIENT CNS TISSUES FOR MANY STUDIES. FINALLY, CRYOPRESERVATION COULD PROVIDE COMMERCIAL SOURCES OF CNS TISSUES FOR SCHOOLS AND RESEARCH LABORATORIES THAT REQUIRE ONLY SMALL AMOUNTS OF TISSUES. DISSOCIATION WITH MILDER ENZYME SOLUTIONS, LOWER SODIUM AND CALCIUM LEVELS, AND ANESTHETICS OR ION BLOCKERS TO MINIMIZE ACTIVITY DURING PROCESSING WILL BE TESTED, AS WILL CULTURE MEDIA CONTAINING GROWTH-PROMOTING HORMONES AND NEUROTROPHIC FACTORS TO INCREASE SURVIVAL.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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