A NATURALISTIC STUDY OF DECISION MAKING UNDER TIME STRESS

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Army
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 804
Amount: $374,000.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1986
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Klein Associates Inc.
740 Wright St, Yellow Springs, OH, 45387
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Gary A. Klein Ph.d.
 (513) 767-2691
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT WE UNDERSTAND THE COGNITIVE PROCESS UNDERLYING STRATEGIC AND TACTICAL DECISIONMAKING IN ORDER TO PROVIDE THE MOST USEFUL TYPES OF DECISION SUPPORT. UNFORTUNATELY, MOST OF THE RESEARCH ON DECISIONMAKING HAS AIMED AT ASSESSING THE APPLICABILITY OF FORMAL STATISTICAL DECISION MODELS UNDER HIGHLY STRUCTURED AND ARTIFICIAL LABORATORY CONDITIONS. IT IS NOT SURPRISING THAT THIS RESEARCH HAS FAILED TO PROVIDE AN UNDERSTANDING OF NATURAL DECISIONMAKING PROCESSES UNDER COMPLEX AND STRESSFUL REAL-WORLD CONDITIONS. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH IS BASED ON A HEURISTIC MODEL FORMULATED WITHIN A NATURALISTIC FRAMEWORK RATHER THAN A CONTEXT OF DECISION ANALYSIS. THE OBJECTIVES OF THE PROPOSED RESEARCH ARE TO ASSESS THE VALUE OF THE MODEL AS A DESCRIPTION OF DECISIONMAKING UNDER COMPLEX AND STRESSFUL CONDITIONS, AND TO INCREASE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THESE ASPECTS OF DECISIONMAKING. THE RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION OF DECISIONMAKING IN THE CONTEXT OF EMERGENCY FIREFIGHTING. THESE CONDITIONS INCLUDE THE CRITICAL DIMENSIONS OF HIGH STRESS, INFORMATION UNCERTAINTY, PERSONAL INVOLVEMENT, AND RISK OF HUMAN LIFE. THE RESULTS WILL BE ASSESSED TO DETERMINE THE PARAMETERS THAT AFFECT NATURALISTIC DECISIONMAKING UNDER STRESS AND UNCERTAINTY, AND TO SUGGEST AN APPROACH FOR DECISION-AID SYSTEMS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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