EXPERT NURSES' DECISION MAKING IN CRITICAL CARE SETTINGS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1988
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
8085
Agency Tracking Number:
8085
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Box 264, 800 Livermore St, Yellow Springs, OH, 45387
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
EXPERIENCE IN MAKING CRITICAL DECISIONS UNDER CONDITIONS OF AMBIGUITY, HIGH RISK, AND TIME PRESSURE COMPRISE AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF NURSING EXPERTISE. THIS ASPECT OF EXPERTISE, THOUGH RECOGNIZED AS IMPORTANT, IS DIFFICULT TO GAIN ACCESS TO OR TO COMMUNICATE TO OTHERS. NONETHELESS, IFHIGHLY EXPERIENCED NURSES' MENTAL MODELS COULD BE DESCRIBED AND SHARED WITH OTHER HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS, QUALITY OF COMMUNICATION, EFFICIENCY, AND SPEED OF ACCLIMATION TO THE HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENT COULD BE GREATLY INCREASED. THE PROPOSED STUDY IS DIRECTED TOWARD DEMONSTRATING THE FEASIBILITY OF USING A CRITICAL DECISION METHOD FOR DEVELOPING DESCRIPTIVE MODELS OF NURSES' DECISION MAKING. WE PLAN TO EXAMINE THE CONTEXTUAL FACTORS, SITUATIONAL ASSESSMENT, DECISION PROCESSES, AND STRATEGIES INVOLVED IN THE DECISION MAKING OF HIGHLY PROFICIENT NURSES. INFORMATION OBTAINED IN CRITICAL DECISION INTERVIEWS WILL BESUMMARIZED IN A NURSING DECISION PROFILE AND THE VALIDITY AND UTILITY OF THE PROFILE EVALUATED BY BOTH HIGHLY EXPERIENCED AND NOVICE NURSES. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL EXTEND FINDINGS REGARDING DECISION MAKING IN NATURAL TASKS AND SETTINGS. IT ALSO HAS DIRECT AND SIGNIFICANT IMPLICATIONS FOR KEY AREAS OF NURSING INCLUDING TRAINING, ORGANIZATIONAL EFFICIENCY, SPECIFIC PROBLEM SOLVING, AND ACCLIMATION TO THE HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENT.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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