APPLYING RECOGNITION-PRIMED DECISION MAKING TO MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE DESIGN

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1991
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
16891
Agency Tracking Number:
16891
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Po Box 264, Yellow Springs, OH, 45387
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
FLIGHT-MISSION OPERATIONS CAN REQUIRE DECISION-MAKING UNDER CONDITIONS--TIME PRESSURE, PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, POOR INFORMATION, UNCERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS--THAT MAKE CAREFUL ANALYSIS DIFFICULT. RECENT RESEARCH ON STRATEGIES OF EXPERIENCED DECISION MAKERS IN COMPLEX OPERATIONAL TASKS HAS GENERATED SUCH DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNTS AS THE RECOGNITION-PRIMED DECISION (RPD) MODEL THAT SHOW WHY PRESCRIPTIVE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS (DSS) ARE POORLY RECEIVED IN THE FIELD. UNDER PRESSURE, EXPERTS USE EXPERIENCE TO GENERATE A LIKELY COURSE OF ACTION. THE GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS TO BUILD ON RECENT RESEARCH WITH THE RPD MODEL FOR DESIGNING MORE EFFECTIVE DSSS AND MAN-MACHINE INTERFACES (MMI). IT SHOULD ALSO GENERATE THREE SETS OF ENGINEERING DESIGN PRINCIPLES, ONE FOR IDENTIFYING THE CRITICAL DECISIONS WITHIN A MISSION, A SECOND FOR DEFINING THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF DIFFERENT DECISION STRATEGIES, AND THE THIRD ADDRESSING THE USE OF THE RPD MODEL FOR DSS AND MMI DESIGN. FLIGHT-MISSION OPERATIONS CAN REQUIRE DECISION-MAKING UNDER CONDITIONS--TIME PRESSURE, PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, POOR INFORMATION, UNCERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS--THAT MAKE CAREFUL ANALYSIS DIFFICULT. RECENT RESEARCH ON STRATEGIES OF EXPERIENCED DECISION MAKERS IN COMPLEX OPERATIONAL TASKS HAS GENERATED SUCH DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNTS AS THE RECOGNITION-PRIMED DECISION (RPD) MODEL THAT SHOW WHY PRESCRIPTIVE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS (DSS) ARE POORLY RECEIVED IN THE FIELD. UNDER PRESSURE, EXPERTS USE EXPERIENCE TO GENERATE A LIKELY COURSE OF ACTION. THE GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS TO BUILD ON RECENT RESEARCH WITH THE RPD MODEL FOR DESIGNING MORE EFFECTIVE DSSS AND MAN-MACHINE INTERFACES (MMI). IT SHOULD ALSO GENERATE THREE SETS OF ENGINEERING DESIGN PRINCIPLES, ONE FOR IDENTIFYING THE CRITICAL DECISIONS WITHIN A MISSION, A SECOND FOR DEFINING THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF DIFFERENT DECISION STRATEGIES, AND THE THIRD ADDRESSING THE USE OF THE RPD MODEL FOR DSS AND MMI DESIGN.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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