APPLYING RECOGNITION-PRIMED DECISION MAKING TO MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE DESIGN

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Amount:
$50,000.00
Program:
SBIR
Contract:
N/A
Solitcitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Branch:
N/A
Award Year:
1991
Phase:
Phase I
Agency Tracking Number:
16891
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Small Business Information
Klein Assoc Inc
Po Box 264, Yellow Springs, OH, 45387
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Duns:
N/A
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
FLIGHT-MISSION OPERATIONS CAN REQUIRE DECISION-MAKING UNDER CONDITIONS--TIME PRESSURE, PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, POOR INFORMATION, UNCERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS--THAT MAKE CAREFUL ANALYSIS DIFFICULT. RECENT RESEARCH ON STRATEGIES OF EXPERIENCED DECISION MAKERS IN COMPLEX OPERATIONAL TASKS HAS GENERATED SUCH DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNTS AS THE RECOGNITION-PRIMED DECISION (RPD) MODEL THAT SHOW WHY PRESCRIPTIVE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS (DSS) ARE POORLY RECEIVED IN THE FIELD. UNDER PRESSURE, EXPERTS USE EXPERIENCE TO GENERATE A LIKELY COURSE OF ACTION. THE GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS TO BUILD ON RECENT RESEARCH WITH THE RPD MODEL FOR DESIGNING MORE EFFECTIVE DSSS AND MAN-MACHINE INTERFACES (MMI). IT SHOULD ALSO GENERATE THREE SETS OF ENGINEERING DESIGN PRINCIPLES, ONE FOR IDENTIFYING THE CRITICAL DECISIONS WITHIN A MISSION, A SECOND FOR DEFINING THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF DIFFERENT DECISION STRATEGIES, AND THE THIRD ADDRESSING THE USE OF THE RPD MODEL FOR DSS AND MMI DESIGN. FLIGHT-MISSION OPERATIONS CAN REQUIRE DECISION-MAKING UNDER CONDITIONS--TIME PRESSURE, PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, POOR INFORMATION, UNCERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS--THAT MAKE CAREFUL ANALYSIS DIFFICULT. RECENT RESEARCH ON STRATEGIES OF EXPERIENCED DECISION MAKERS IN COMPLEX OPERATIONAL TASKS HAS GENERATED SUCH DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNTS AS THE RECOGNITION-PRIMED DECISION (RPD) MODEL THAT SHOW WHY PRESCRIPTIVE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS (DSS) ARE POORLY RECEIVED IN THE FIELD. UNDER PRESSURE, EXPERTS USE EXPERIENCE TO GENERATE A LIKELY COURSE OF ACTION. THE GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS TO BUILD ON RECENT RESEARCH WITH THE RPD MODEL FOR DESIGNING MORE EFFECTIVE DSSS AND MAN-MACHINE INTERFACES (MMI). IT SHOULD ALSO GENERATE THREE SETS OF ENGINEERING DESIGN PRINCIPLES, ONE FOR IDENTIFYING THE CRITICAL DECISIONS WITHIN A MISSION, A SECOND FOR DEFINING THE BOUNDARY CONDITIONS OF DIFFERENT DECISION STRATEGIES, AND THE THIRD ADDRESSING THE USE OF THE RPD MODEL FOR DSS AND MMI DESIGN.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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