WASTE REDUCTION THROUGH BENZENE-FREE POLYMERIZATION TECHNOLOGY

Award Information
Agency:
Environmental Protection Agency
Amount:
$149,949.00
Program:
SBIR
Contract:
N/A
Solitcitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Branch:
N/A
Award Year:
1993
Phase:
Phase II
Agency Tracking Number:
18782
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Small Business Information
Kse Inc.
PO Box 368, Amherst, MA, 01004
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Duns:
N/A
Principal Investigator
 Dr J R Kittrell
 Principal Investigator
 (413) 549-5506
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
WASTE REDUCTION CAN BE A HIGHLY COST-EFFECTIVE MEANS OF POLLUTION CONTROL, IF ECONOMIC CHANGES IN THE BASIC TECHNOLOGY CAN BE ACHIEVED WHICH FUNDAMENTALLY ALTER THE RAW MATERIALS USED IN THE PROCESS. BENZENE IS USED AS A CLASSICAL REACTION SOLVENT IN MANY ORGANIC CHEMICAL REACTIONS. AS A SOLVENT, RATHER THAN A BASIC REACTANT, IT SHOULD BE POSSIBLE TO IDENTIFY ALTERMATE SOLVENT TECHNOLOGIES TO ELIMINATE BENZENE. ELIMINATION OF THE USE OF BENZENE AS A SOLVENT IN A SPECIFIC FREE REDICAL ORGANIC POLYMERIZATION PROCESS IS PROPOSED. PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTS INDICATE GREAT PROMISE IN THE USE OF EXCESS LEVELS OF ONE REACTANT AS A BENZENE REPLACEMENT. THE PHASE I EFFORT IS TO DETERMINE THE TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY OF THIS TECHNOLOGY TO PRODUCT THE POLYMER PRODUCT. IF SUCCESSFUL, THE TECHNOLOGY SHOULD ELIMINATE BENZENE IN EMISSIONS FROM CURRENT PROCESS VENTS, CENTRIFUGES, DRYERS, AND IN FUGITIVE EMISSIONS. ALSO, BECAUSE IT ELIMINATED RESIDUAL BEZENE IN THE POLYMER, IT PREVENTS BENZENE EMISSIONS IN DOWNSTREAM PROCESSORS OF THE PRODUCT. SINCE THE POLYMER IS USED IN PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS, IT ELIMINATES BENZENE HEALTH RISKS TO A WIDE CONSUMER POPULATION. THE BROAD IMPACT OT THIS BENZENE WASTE REDUCTION TECHNOLOGY AND ITS HIGHLY FAVORABLE ECONOMICS MAKE THE PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY AND IMPORTANT DEMONSTRATION OF THE BENEFITS OF A WASTE REDUCTION PROGRAM.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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