A PERCUTANEOUS ACCESS DEVICE (PAD) IS AN ARTIFICIAL APERTURE IN THE SKIN INTENDED ESTABLISH A PERMANENT PASSAGEWAY BETWEEN THE INSIDE AND THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY WITHOUT INTERFERING WITH HOST HOMEOSTASIS.

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1984
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
1525
Agency Tracking Number:
1525
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
70 Gallogly Road, Pontiac, MI, 48055
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
KANTROWITZ ADRIAN
DIRECTOR
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
A PERCUTANEOUS ACCESS DEVICE (PAD) IS AN ARTIFICIAL APERTURE IN THE SKIN INTENDED ESTABLISH A PERMANENT PASSAGEWAY BETWEEN THE INSIDE AND THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY WITHOUT INTERFERING WITH HOST HOMEOSTASIS. PADS HAVE MULTIPLE POTENTIAL USES AND HAVE BEEN STUDIED EXTENSIVELY IN RELATION TO PERMANENTLY IMPLANTED PROSTHESES THAT AUGMENT THE ACTION OF THE FAILING HEART. PRESENT CARDIAC ASSIST SYSTEMS DEPEND ON ELECTRICAL OR PNEUMATIC POWER, WHICH MUST BE TRANSMITTED ACROSS OR THROUGH THE SKIN. AS YET, HOWEVER, A PAD THAT IS RELIABLE IN LONG-TERM USE HAS NOT BEEN DEVELOPED. TO PREVENT INFECTION, THE MAJOR CAUSE OF PAD FAILURE, WE POSTULATE THAT PAD DESIGN MUST PROVIDE FOR (1) CONTROL OF EPIDERMAL PROLIFERATION AND MIGRATION IN PROXIMITY TO THE IMPLANT, AND (2) ATTENUATION OF LOCAL STRAIN. A PAD HYPOTHESIZED TO MEET THESE REQUIREMENTS IS BEING STUDIED IN RATS AND SWINE. ITS NECK (THE TRANSCUTANEOUS PORTION) IS NANOPOROUS; A DACRON VELOUR-COVERED FLANGE JOINED TO THE NECK IS PLACED SUBDERMALLY. PRIOR TO IMPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS FIBROBLASTS ARE CULTURED ONTO THE PAD NECK, FORMING A MULTILAYER COATING. THE RESULTS TO DATE INDICATE THAT PADS PREPARED IN THIS WAY INHIBIT EPITHELIAL DOWNGROWTH, WHEREAS UNCOATED IMPLANTS FAIL AS A RESULT OF EPIDERMAL MIGRATION AND INFECTION. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PHASE I PROJECT IS TO TRANSFER AND EXTEND TO SHEEP (WHICH INCREASINGLY ARE USED FOR FULL-SCALE TESTING OF CARDIAC ASSIST SYSTEMS) THE METHODS EVOLVED IN SWINE. SPECIFIC AIMS ARE: (1) TO ADAPT TECHNIQUES FOR IN VITRO FIBROBLAST PROLIFERATION AND COLLAGEN PRODUCTION ON THE PAD NECK TO SHEEP CELLS; (2) TO ADAPT SURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR PAD IMPLANTATION TO SHEEP; AND (3) TO DEVELOP A PROTOCOL FOR LONG-TERM EVALUATION IN SHEEP OF A FUNCTIONING PAD TRANSFERRING POWER TO AN IMPLANTED HEART ASSIST DEVICE. THE LONG-RANGE GOAL IS TO QUALIFY A PAD AND MAKE IT COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE FOR CLINICAL USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH A SYSTEM FOR TREATMENT OF PATIENTS IN SEVERE, CHRONIC LEFT HEART FAILURE. IN ADDITION, AVAILABILITY OF THE PAD FOR SHEEP WILL FACILITATE ITS FOR PRECLINICAL EVALUATION OF VARIOUS MECHANICAL HEART ASSIST SYSTEMS BY OTHERS. THIS PROGRAM WILL ALSO LEAD TO IMPROVED PADS FOR OTHER COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS SUCH AS VASCULAR ACCESS FOR KIDNEY DIALYSIS AND SKELETAL ATTACHMENT OF PROSTHETIC LIMBS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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