SUPERCRITICAL FLUID CHROMATOGRAPHY DETECTOR INTERFACES

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
7290
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Lee Scientific Inc
379 North University Ave #104, Provo, UT, 84601
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
DOUGLAS W LATER
(801) 375-1119
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
GAS AND LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHS ARE THE MOST ROUTINELY USED INSTRUMENTS IN ANALYTICAL AND CLINICAL LABORATORIES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. THE OBJECTIVE OF LEE SCIENTIFIC, INC. IS TO MANUFACTURE AN INSTRUMENT THAT USES SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS INSTEAD OF GASES OR LIQUIDS AS MOBILE PHASES. THE ABILITY TO SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT SOLUTE SOLUBILITY IN THE SUPERCRITICAL FLUID MOBILE PHASE BY CHANGES IN OPERATING PRESSURE IS THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE ON WHICH CAPILLARY SUPERCRITICAL FLUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (SFC) IS BASED. OF KEY IMPORTANCE IS THE IMPROVED ANALYSIS OF HIGH-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT, POLAR, OR THERMALLY UNSTABLE COMPOUNDS. THEREFORE, CELLULAR CONSTITUENTS MAY BE MORE AMENABLE TO ANALYSIS BY SFC THAN BY EITHER GAS OR LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY. FURTHERMORE, PRELIMINARY WORK INDICATES THAT THESE HIGH-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT AND POLAR BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES MAY BE DETECTED BY DIRECT INJECTION INTO MASS SPECTROMETERS OR OTHER DETECTORS NORMALLY ONLY AVAILABLE TO VOLATILE COMPOUNDS. THIS PROPOSAL ADDRESSES THE ADVANTAGES OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS VERSUS GASES OR LIQUIDS IN CHROMATOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENTS AND PROPOSES TO EVALUATE THE POTENTIAL OF THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF CAPILLARY SFC INTERFACES FOR CHROMATOGRAPHIC DETECTORS SUCH AS IONIZATION, ELECTRON CAPTURE, SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC, AND MASS SPECTROMETRIC DETECTORS. THE SFC SYSTEM DEVELOPED WILL BE OPTIMIZED FOR MOLECULES OF THE TYPE THAT ARE OF SIGNIFICANCE IN STUDIES OFCELLULAR FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURE.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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