CHEMICALLY SYNTHESIZED NONRADIOACTICE DNA PROBES

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1988
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
7538
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Lee's Bio-organic Laboratories
201 East 10th Street, Marcus Hook, PA, 19061
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
JESSIE C J LEE
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE PROPOSED RESEARCH PROGRAM WILL FOCUS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF EFFICIENT, CHEMICAL WAYS TO INTRODUCE BIOTIN INTO SYNTHETIC DNA FRAGMENTS, THAT CAN SUBSEQUENTLY BE DETECTED WITH THE STREPTAVIDIN-ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.THIS NONRADIOACTIVE DNA HYBRIDIZATION PROBE HAS SEVERAL ADVANTAGES OVER THE RADIOACTIVE LABELING TECHNIQUES, INCLUDING MUCH HIGHER SHELF LIFE, GREATER CONVENIENCE AND SAFETY, HIGH DETECTABILITY AND AUTOMATION CAPABILITY. SUCH SYNTHETIC BIOTINYLATED OLIGONUCLEOTIDES OF MIXED SEQUENCES, CAN BE USED DIRECTLY AS HYBRIDIZATION PROBES FOR THE IDENTIFICATION AND ISOLATION OF SPECIFIC GENES, IN A VERY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME. THE SENSITIVITY OF THE METHOD FOR VISUAL DETECTION OF THE HYBRIDIZED PROBES, IS SUFFICIENTLY HIGH THAT 0.5 FEMTOMOLE (10-(15) MOLE) OF PLASMID DNA CAN BEDETECTED. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THESE BIOCHEMICAL PROBES WILL HAVE SIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND MAY FIND APPLICATIONS IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF GENETICALLY DETERMINED CONDITIONS, SUCH AS VIRAL DISEASES AND CANCERS. THE CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF BIOTINYLATED DNA FRAGMENTS CAN BE CARRIED OUT BY THE SOLID PHASE PHOSPHORAMIDITE METHOD. THE FEASIBILITY OF THIS APPROACH WILL BE EXAMINED IN THE PROPOSED RESEARCH. WHILE THE ORIGINAL FOCUS OF THIS WORK WILL BE ON OLIGONUCLEOTIDES LABELED WITH BIOTIN, IT IS POSSIBLE TO SUBSEQUENTLY EXAMINE SEVERAL OTHER KINDS OF NONRADIOACTIVE LABELING SYSTEMS (FLUORESCENT PROBES, ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE PROBES, PHOTO-AFFINITY LABELS, ETC.), WITH POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS IN BIOCHEMICAL RESEARCH.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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