Rapid Screen for Genotoxicants, Chemoprotectors, and Radioprotectors

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R43CA117093-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: CA117093
Amount: $133,336.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2006
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2006-2
Small Business Information
200 Canal View Blvd., SUITE 106, ROCHESTER, NY, 14623
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (585) 442-0930
Business Contact
Phone: (585) 442-0930
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research project addresses an important problem faced by the chemical and drug industries? their requirement to evaluate the DNA damaging potential of ever larger numbers of new chemical entities in shorter periods of time. This situation presents opportunities for small businesses that are able to provide solutions to these challenges. The work proposed herein addresses industry's need for higher throughput toxicity assessment through the development of an automated in vitro chromosomal damage assay. Chromosome damage will be quantified by flow cytometric micronucleus measurements. Importantly, the methodology that will be developed over the course of this project not only represents a high volume genotoxicant screening system, but also one that can be configured to identify agents which protect against chromosomal damage. This project addresses a stated need of investigators working to develop the next generation of biological response modifiers (BRMs). BRMs that provide chemo- or radio-protection hold great promise in several important arenas, including cancer treatments which are typically dose-limited by normal tissue responses. The identification and development of BRMs have other important applications, and include enhanced protection of our troops during times of war, and also for civilian victims of chemical or radiological terrorist attacks. The planned Phase 1 and Phase 2 efforts have thus been designed to provide a rapid and efficient assay for detecting the genotoxicant, radioprotectant, or chemoprotectant potential of test chemicals. This screening assay will help chemical and drug companies allocate their resources to the most promising candidates, eliminating hazardous entities early in development. Furthermore, by aiding in the identification of next generation BRMs, cancer patients and armed forces will benefit from the availability of chemo- and radio-protectant drugs.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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