Field-Deployable Water Isotope Analyzer for Stream Sampling

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-08ER84976
Agency Tracking Number: N/A
Amount: $100,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2008
Solicitation Year: 2008
Solicitation Topic Code: 17 a
Solicitation Number: DE-PS02-07ER07-36
Small Business Information
67 East Evelyn Avenue, Suite 3, Mountain View, CA, 94041
DUNS: 928805761
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Manish Gupta
 (650) 965-7772
Business Contact
 Anthony O'Keefe
Title: Dr.
Phone: (650) 965-7772
Research Institution
DOE is currently responsible for the remediation of 1.7 trillion gallons of contaminated ground water and 40 million cubic meters of contaminated soil generated at over 7000 discrete sites from past weapons production activities. This remediation involves a variety of methodologies including bioremediation, in which substances are injected into the subsurface to enhance microbial decomposition, and natural attenuation, in which natural, unaided processes are used to remediate waste. In order to better understand these remediation processes and maintain site stewardship, recent studies have explored the use of water isotopes (2H/1H and 18O/16O) to study flow paths. Currently, Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IRMS) is used to measure the stable isotope ratios of water. However, IRMS has several limitations including its need for a dedicated operator, its inability to measure multiple water isotopes simultaneously, and its operational expense. This project will develop a field-deployable analyzer based on cavity-enhanced laser absorption spectroscopy. The analyzer will be capable of continuously quantifying water isotope ratios from a water source without any significant conditioning and will provide isotope ratios to better than 1.0 ¿ in 2H/1H and 0.3 ¿ in 18O/16O, which is sufficient for isotope hydrology studies. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: The analyzer should be directly useful to the DOE with respect to its need to improve and verify transport models, and to better characterize subsurface flow. The sensor also should find use in environmental research and medical blood diagnostics.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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