PHOTOCHEMICAL UPGRADING OF NATURAL GAS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
10891
Agency Tracking Number:
10891
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Po Box 1468, Princeton, NJ, 08542
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Dr Moshe Lavid
Principal Investigator
(609) 799-7970
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
AVAILABLE IN ABUNDANCE IN THE UNITED STATES AND THROUGHTOUT THE WORLD, NATURAL GAS REPRESENTS AN ENORMOUS ENERGY RESERVE. HOWEVER, DIRECT USE OF NATURAL GAS AS FUEL IS CONSTRAINED BY NUMEROUS DIFICULTITES: LOW COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY, UNRELIABLE IGNITION (MISFIRING), AND TRANSPORTATION. A DESIRABLE ALTERNATIVE TO DIRECT USE OF NATURAL GAS IS TO UPGRADE IT TO HIGHER VALUE, TRANSPORTABLE HYDROCARBONS (HCS). THIS PROJECT WILL DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF A NOVEL UPGRADING METHOD BASED ON A PHOTOCHEMICAL PROCESS. THE INNOVATION INVOLVES A P PHOTO-INITIATED REACTION BETWEEN METHANE AND CHLORINATED METHANES TO PRODUCE HYDROCHLORIC ACID AND HIGHER HCS. THE PHOTOCHEMICAL PATHWAY ALLOWS BOTH SELECTIVITY OF THE REACTION CHANNEL AND THE ABILITY TO INITIATE REACTION AT MODERATE TEMPERATURES, THUS AVOIDING THE SOOTING CHARACTERISTIC OF HIGHER TEMPERATURE THERMAL PROCESSES. IT HAS THE ADDED ADVANTAGE OF CONVERTING VARIOUS CHLORINATED HCS, UBIQUITOUS IN INDUSTRIAL WASTE, INTO USEFUL FUEL. PHASE I WILL BE AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY WITH FIVE TASKS: CONSTRUCTION OF A VERSATILE PHOTOCHEMICAL APPARATUS PHOTOLYSIS OF CH3CL + CH4, SOOT STUDIES, PHOTOLYSIS WITH OTHER CHLOROMETHANES, AND IDENTIFICATION OF IMPORTANT PROCESS PARAMETERS. PHASE I WILL PROVIDE THE TECHNICAL FOUNDATION FOR PHASE II RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF A PROTOTYPE REACTOR TO UPGRADE METHANE, AND PHASE III COMMERCIALIZATION.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government