SBIR Phase II: An Engineered Diffusion Barrier for Preparation of Pd Membranes on Tubular Porous Stainless Steel Substrate

Award Information
Agency: National Science Foundation
Branch: N/A
Contract: 0620528
Agency Tracking Number: 0512797
Amount: $499,999.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2004
Solicitation Topic Code: CT
Solicitation Number: NSF 04-604
Small Business Information
1155 William Pitt Way, Pittsburgh, PA, 15238
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Y
Principal Investigator
 Paul Liu
 (412) 826-3711
Business Contact
 Paul Liu
Title: Dr
Phone: (412) 826-3711
Research Institution
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project focuses on the development of an innovative diffusion barrier for the preparation of Pd thin film on tubular porous stainless steel substrate. A thin Pd film supported on tubular porous SS substrate provides a commercially viable avenue for the use of palladium membranes for hydrogen production/recovery, particularly for large-scale applications. During Phase II the diffusion barrier will be developed to a commercial scale membrane unit for performing field tests. Pd membranes due to their excellent hydrogen permeability and selectivity can streamline existing hydrogen separation and purification processes dramatically for fuel cell and hydrogen separation applications. The projected worldwide market size when fully matured is in the range of $1 billion/yr. Refineries' demand for hydrogen is expected to post annual growth in excess of 10% as refiners use more hydrogen to meet clean fuel regulations. A Pd-base hydrogen selective membrane suitable for large scale operations will play a major role in meeting this demand, particularly for the retrofit market, such as hydrogen recovery from waste refinery streams, as an add-on stage for existing steam reformer for incremental capacity, etc. In summary the proposed diffusion barrier could offer a practically viable Pd-based hydrogen separation device, which can benefit fuel cell and industrial hydrogen applications, and greenhouse gas reduction.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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