THE SUPERIOR CHEMICAL STABILITY OF FLUORINE-CARBON CHEMICAL BONDS HAS BEEN TRANSLATED INTO THE REMARKABLE COMMERCIAL SUCCESS OF THE PERFLUORO SULFONATE AND CARBOXYLATE MEMBRANES SUCH AS NAFION, FLEMION, ETC.

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 2551
Amount: $44,528.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1985
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
10116 Aspen Street, Austin, TX, 78758
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 DR. EARL T. DUMITRA
 PRINCIPAL INVESITGATOR
 (512) 836-4936
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE SUPERIOR CHEMICAL STABILITY OF FLUORINE-CARBON CHEMICAL BONDS HAS BEEN TRANSLATED INTO THE REMARKABLE COMMERCIAL SUCCESS OF THE PERFLUORO SULFONATE AND CARBOXYLATE MEMBRANES SUCH AS NAFION, FLEMION, ETC. THESE AND THE MORE RECENT BILAYER COMPOSITES HAVE REVOLUTIONIZED THE ENERGY-INTENSIVE CHLORALKALI INDUSTRY AND MADE SPACE-AGE FUEL CELLS USEFUL IN ORBIT AND FEASIBLE IN ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILES. THESE MATERIALS ARE SUFFICIENTLY GOOD SO THAT PROPOSALS TO IMPROVE THEIR PERFORMANCE MUST BE VIEWED WITH ALERTNESS IF NOT SCEPTICISM. THE LACK OF PERMANENT CHEMICAL CROSSLINKS IN THESE POLYMERS LIMITS THE USEFUL RANGE OF EQUIVALENT WEIGHT BECAUSE THE WATER UPTAKE CAN BE TOO HIGH AS THE WEIGHT IS DECREASED, OR THE ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE CAN BE TOO HIGH AS THE EQUIVALENT WEIGHT IS INCREASED. THE PRACTICAL RANGE HAS BEEN 800 TO 1500, WITH CARBOXYLATE ON THE CATHODE SIDE OF CHLORALKALI CELLS. THE NEW MEMBRANE WILL HAVE INDEPENDENT CONTROL OF SWELLING THROUGH THE WIDE RANGE OF CROSSLINK DENSITY AVAILABLE, AND WILL PERMIT THE EQUIVALENT WEIGHT TO BE ONE-THIRD TO ONE-QUARTER OF THE FIGURES CITED ABOVE. SOLVENTS AND DILUENTS MAY BE USED TO INFLUENCE THE POROSITY AND HENCE THE FLUX RATE. TO PREPARE THE MEMBRANES, SELECTED MONOMERS ARE COPOLYMERIZED TO FORM A PRECURSOR FILM OF DESIRED THICKNESS, CROSSLINK DENSITY, AND FUNCTION- ALITY, AND THEN THE HYDROGEN ATOMS ARE REPLACED VERY CAREFULLY WITH FLUORINE ATOMS USING F2 GAS TO RETAIN THE CARBON SKELETON AS DESIGNED. THE SUCCESSFUL FLUOR- INATION OF FILMS CROSSLINKED WITH RADIATION AND OF ELASTOMERS FOR GEOTHERMAL AND OTHER SEVERE ENVIRONMENTS HAS BEEN PREVIOUSLY REPORTED.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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