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28b Optical NMR using Diamond Quantum Sensing for Imaging Metabolic Processes in Live Cells

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-SC0022441
Agency Tracking Number: 0000263020
Amount: $250,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: C53-28b
Solicitation Number: N/A
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2021
Award Year: 2022
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2022-02-14
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2023-02-13
Small Business Information
8100 Brownleigh Dr Ste 120
Raleigh, NC 27617-0696
United States
DUNS: 064596089
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Olga Shenderova
 (919) 881-0500
 oshenderova@adamasnano.com
Business Contact
 Mary Eberle
Phone: (919) 881-0500
Email: meberle@adamasnano.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract

A cross-cutting goal for biological engineering of microorganisms and microbe association with plants is dynamic, non-invasive imaging of cellular and subcellular metabolic processes and responses to environmental fluctuations and heterogeneity. The most versatile approach involves the acquisition of intrinsic spectra of molecular ensembles from regions of interest with the sensitivity and discrimination necessary to identify target analytes from within complex cellular environments. To date, all such approaches fail to achieve the ultimate bioimaging goal: dynamic in situ detection and imaging of key metabolic processes in and among living plant and microbial systems, non-destructively and in real-time. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is one of the most powerful non-invasive methods for identification and characterization of molecules. Conventional NMR instruments permit rapid, quantitative, and reproducible discrimination of biomolecules in complex biologic fluids but require large and expensive superconducting magnets to increase signal. Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) can “hyperpolarize” nuclear spins at levels that are orders of magnitude greater than thermal polarization allowing operation at lower magnetic fields. Extending the recently discovered optically enabled DNP of 13C in nanodiamonds containing nitrogen-vacancy color centers, we aim to develop novel three-dimensional, in-cell, NMR sensors using targeted nanodiamonds (NDs). 13C nuclear spins, abundantly present in the targeting ND particles, will be employed as NMR sensors of the analyte nuclei in cellular and sub-cellular systems. The ND sensors can be brought in close proximity to sample analytes, allowing amplification of the NMR response by optical hyperpolarization of 13C, while simultaneously spatially localizing the NMR signal sources. Sensor hyperpolarization would allow direct 3D radiofrequency readout from NDs located at up to cm-depth. Hyperpolarized 13C diamond nuclei, multiply dipolar-coupled to each other, open a ready pathway to exploit nuclei entanglement, allowing access to large entangled 13C cluster states in ND to be exploited for NMR sensing. This approach will be integrated into a fluorescent microscope and scanning microcoil employed for RF readout of NMR signals to allow correlation to structural features along with direct optical hyperpolarization. Diamond nanoparticles will be functionalized to target cell surfaces for demonstration of detection of metabolic processes in real time in yeast cells.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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