Low Cost Method for Synthesis of [100]-W Reinforced Heavy Alloys for Kinetic Energy Penetrators

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Army
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 20639
Amount: $600,000.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1995
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
7960 S. Kolb Rd., Tucson, AZ, 85706
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Dr. S. Guha
 (602) 574-1980
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
Single crystals of tungsten (W) with [100] orientation have been demonstrated to exhibit ballistically equivalent performance to depleated uranium (DU) projectiles. Single crystals of W are unfortunately brittle. Also, the state-of-the-art crystal growing techniques limits the diameter of such crystals to less than 10mm. Hence, it is proposed to fabricate tungsten heavy alloy (WHA) projectiles consisting of [100] oriented whiskers/fibers held in a Ni-Fe type matrix. This proposal will address the problems of growing {100] W whiskers/fibers in a heavy alloy matrix. The whiskers/fibers will be grown by the proven VLS process in which MER has considerable expertise (prior experience in growth of SiC and TiB2 whiskers) using a [100] W single crystal substrate, a mixture of WCl6 and H2 as the reactant gases and a Ni-based catalyst (Ni-Fe, Ni-Co, Ni-Cu). The whiskers/fibers will be harvested, cold-pressed and infiltrated in-situ by the catalyst (by varying temperature and atmosphere to promote wetting). This will demonstrate processing that can produce projectiles (>10mm in diameter) for ballistic evaluation. A test scale WHA composite synthesized through the above process will be delivered to the program technical monitor.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government