Development of a Direct Carbon Fuel Cell for Power and Fuels Cogeneration Directly from Plastic Trash
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
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Small Business Information
Materials and Systems Research, Inc.
5395 West 700 South, Salt Lake City, UT, 84104-4403
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
AbstractThis small business innovation research is intended to develop a simple processing concept based-on an advanced direct carbon fuel cell (DCFC) technology enabling directly converting plastic trash into life support consumables (such as H2, CO2 and H2O) and electricity simultaneously, for supporting Lunar ISRU development. The proposed innovation involves the areas associated with the advanced DCFC characteristics and simplified processes turning plastic trash into renewable energy at a high efficiency. In Phase I, the decomposition/oxidation electrochemistry of polyethylene-based plastic bags and spoons, catalyzed by molten carbonate anode composites, will be characterized. Tubular electrochemical cells built upon the proposed DCFC technology will be studied at elevated temperatures, followed by performance optimization.
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