A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR RENAL TRANSPLANT EVALUATION

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$528,149.00
Award Year:
1993
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
19194
Agency Tracking Number:
19194
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Medical Physics Inc.me (Currently MEDICAL PHYSICS, INC.)
401 12th Avenue, Salt Lake City, UT, 84103
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Justin S Clark
(801) 321-5775
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
ALTHOUG RENAL TRANSPLANTATION HAS PROVED TO BE BOTH USEFUL AND COST-EFFECTIVE COMPARED TO DIALYSIS, COMPLICATIONS ARE FREQUENT. MUST OF THE SUCCESS OF RENAL TRANSPLANTATION IS DEPENDENT UPON PROMPT IDENTIFICATION OF THE CAUSE OF IMPAIRMENT OF FUNCTION SO THAT APPROPRIATE TREATMENT CAN BE APPLIED BEFORE THE CONDITION BECOMES IRREVERSIBLE. ALTHOUGH NUCLEAR MEDICINE SYSTEMS AND SEVERAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS ARE AVILABLE TO EVALUATE KIDNEY FUNTION, CURRENTLY NO EVALUATION SYSTEM EXISTS WHICH COMBINES INFORMATION FROM ALL SEGMENTS OF THE TIME-ACTIVITY CURVE TO PROVIDE A GLOBAL ASSESSMENT OF RENAL FUNCTION. AN IMPROVED MEANS OF RADIONUCLIDE RENOGRAM ANALYSIS WOULD CONTRIBUTE TO EARLIER DIAGNOSIS, IMPROVED ACCURACY OF DIAGNOSIS, AND REDUCED NEED FOR BIOPSIES, AN AUTOMATED PROGRAM WOULD SAVE TECHNOLOGISTS TIME AND, THEREBY, MAKE DETAIL ANALYSIS PRACTICABLE; PRESENTING RESULTS AS PROBABILITY OF DIAGNOSIS IN EACH CATEGORY WOULD BE VERY HELPFUL TO CLINICIANS AND WOULD MAKE THE DEGREE OF ASSURANCE OF THE DIAGNOSIS CLEAR; FROM THIS SORT OF PRESENTATION RATIONAL CRITERIA FOR DOING BIOPSIES SHOULD EVOLVE. WE WILL DEVELOP AND EVALUATE A COMPREHENSIVE MATHEMATICAL, PHYSIOLOGIC MODEL WHICH WILL INCLUDE ALL PHASES OF THE TIME-ACTIVITY CURVE IN PERFORMING A GLOBAL ANALYSIS OF RENAL FUNCTION. COEFFICIENTS WILL BE DERIVED REPRESENTING RATE AND CONCENTRATION DATA CORRESPONDING TO THE TRANSIT OF THE TRACER THROUGH THE VARIOUS COMPARTMENTS OF THE KIDNEY. THESE COEFFICIENTS WILL BE CORRELATED WITH THE DIAGNOSES OF INDIVIDUAL CASES. SOFTWARE WILL BE DEVELOPED IN SUCH A WAY THAT IT SHOULD BE APPLICABLE TO THE USUAL NUCLEAR MEDICINE COMPUTERS OR TO THE WORK STATIONS LINKED TO THEM. THUS, IF SUCCESSFUL, THE PRODUCT SHOULD BE WIDELY APPLICABLE TO ANY FACILITY WITH A RENAL TRANSPLANT PROGRAM DESIRING ANALYTICAL TREATMENT OF RADIONUCLIDE TRANSPLANT EVALUATIONS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government