NEW COATING TECHNIQUES FOR COMPOSITE MEMBRANES

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1990
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
14214
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Membrane Technology & Research
1360 Willow Rd Ste 103, Menlo Park, CA, 94025
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Richard Baker
(415) 328-2228
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
MEMBRANE DIFFUSION IS INHERENTLY SLOW PROCESS. CONSEQUENTLY,MEMBRANE-BASED SEPARATION PROCESSES CAN ONLY BE ECONOMICALLYVIABLE IF EXTREMELY THIN, DEFECT-FREE MEMBRANES ARE USED. THIN-FILM COMPOSITE MEMBRANES WITH A PERMSELECTIVE LAYER THICKNESS DOWN TO ABOUT 0.5 UM CAN BE MADE BY PRESENTLY AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES. MEMBRANES WITH PERMSELECTIVE LAYERS THINNER THAN THIS WOULD DRAMATICALLY IMPROVE THE ECONOMICS OF MEMBRANE SEPARATION. THE GOAL OF THIS PROGRAM IS TO DEVELOP THE TECHNOLOGY FOR MAKING INDUSTRIAL SCALE COMPOSITEMEMBRANES WITH PERMSELECTIVE LAYER THICKNESS DOWN TO 0.1 UM OR BELOW. THE MEMBRANES WILL BE MADE BY MODIFYING THE SOLUTION COATING PROCESS USED TO APPLY THE THIN PERMSELECTIVE LAYER. PREVIOUS EXPERIMENTAL DATA INDICATE THAT THE USE OF SUCH MODIFIED SOLUTIONS ENABLES A MUCH THINNER DEFECT-FREE COATING TO BE APPLIED THAN IS POSSIBLE WITH CONVENTIONAL TECHNIQUES. IF THE TECHNIQUE CAN BE APPLIED TO MANY DIFFERENT POLYMERS, IT WILL ENABLE ECONOMICALLY VIABLE MEMBRANE-BASED SEPARATION SYSTEMS TO BE MADE AND APPLIED TO A BROAD RANGE OF GAS SEPARATION PROBLEMS. THE POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL APPLICATION AS DESCRIBED BY THE AWARDEE: MEMBRANE MADE BY THE PROPOSED PROCESS COULD HAVE ASIGNIFICANT IMPACT ON MANY INDUSTRIAL GAS SEPARATIONS, FOR EXAMPLE, OXYGEN/NITROGEN SEPARATION, REMOVAL OF ACID GASES FROM EFFLUENT STREAMS, OR HYDROGEN RECOVERY FROM MANY SOURCES. THE PROCESS ECONOMICS COULD BE SUFFICIENTLY ATTRACTIVE TO MAKE MEMBRANE SYSTEMS COMPETITIVE WITH CONVENTIONAL SEPARATION METHODS IN THESE AND OTHER APPLICATIONS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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