Hydrogen Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Separation In Steam Methane Reformers

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-04ER83999
Agency Tracking Number: 75004S04-I
Amount: $749,982.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
1360 Willow Road, Suite 103, Menlo Park, CA, 94025
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Ingo Pinnau
 (650) 328-2228
Business Contact
 Elizabeth Weiss
Title: Ms.
Phone: (650) 328-2228
Email: egweiss@mtrinc.com
Research Institution
75004B If hydrogen is to be used as an environmentally-friendly fuel, hydrogen production costs must be lowered and carbon dioxide, a by-product of hydrogen production, must be separated for sequestration. This project will develop a membrane process to recover hydrogen and separate carbon dioxide from steam-methane-reformer pressure-swing-absorption plants. The process should increase hydrogen production by 15% while simultaneously producing a liquid carbon dioxide stream for sequestration. The value of the recovered hydrogen will offset the cost of the process. In Phase I, two novel membranes were produced: one to separate carbon dioxide, the other to separate hydrogen. Composite membranes with a carbon dioxide/hydrogen selectivity of 10 were prepared and tested as bench-scale membrane modules. A process simulation model, based on the performance of these membranes combined with hydrogen-permeable membranes, was used to design an efficient pressure-swing-absorption tail-gas treatment process. In Phase II, the membranes that were prepared in Phase I will be scaled up to industrial scale and evaluated in a complete pilot-scale system, in order to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of the process. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits as described by the awardee: The new carbon dioxide/hydrogen membranes will increase hydrogen production and sequester carbon dioxide in steam reformer plants. The cost of the process will be covered by the value of the hydrogen produced.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government