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Robust Predictor of Colon Cancer Risk

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R42CA232867-02A1
Agency Tracking Number: R42CA232867
Amount: $968,518.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NCI
Solicitation Number: PA21-262
Solicitation Year: 2021
Award Year: 2022
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2022-08-16
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2024-07-31
Small Business Information
Wilmington, DE 19801-1120
United States
DUNS: 079605574
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (718) 430-8605
Business Contact
Phone: (770) 350-8221
Research Institution
BRONX, NY 10461-1975
United States

 Domestic Nonprofit Research Organization

At least 500,000 people in the United States have Lynch syndrome (LS), based on inheritance of a genetic
pathogenic variant in the mismatch repair (MMR) pathway, placing them at high-risk for colon and other
cancers. More than half of them is unaware of their diagnosis, because their family history is uninformative or
unknown. Genetic testing is important for identifying pathogenic variants in this pathway, but in a large number
of cases no pathogenic variant or a variant of uncertain significance is identified, leading to ambiguous and
unsatisfactory results. As more people are seeking testing for LS, accurate alternatives to sequencing are
needed to predict the molecular phenotypic effects of pathogenic variants in genes in the MMR pathway. Risk
classification scores based on flow variant assays (FVAs) are a new technology that can accurately identify
people with heterozygous germline pathogenic variants in these pathways. In response to treatment with
chemical agents, FVAs identify decreased nuclear localization of repair proteins and decreased
phosphorylation of damage-sensing proteins in cells that bear pathogenic variants in these genes. The
resulting test, Cancer Risk C (CR-C), is rapid, inexpensive and highly reproducible and can be performed on
circulating and cultured human blood cells, thus becoming a Next Generation, non-sequencing, standalone test
for diagnosing LS. The goal of this STTR project is to develop a, simple, rapid and inexpensive clinical test that
will accurately diagnose LS and can be implemented into clinical practice. Aim 1. Predict risk of developing
colon cancer based on CR-C test results. Aim 2. Prevalence of LS among microsatellite instability high (MSI-
H), MSI-Low and MSI-Stable subjects with colon cancer. Aim 3. Demonstrate analytical validity and
reproducibility of CR-C kits for LS diagnosis at 3 sites. This product will be sold to clinical laboratories in
collaboration with a designated good manufacturing practices facility commercial partner, initially as a
laboratory developed test and then as an FDA approved test. Several factors will drive this commercialization
into the $1B market cancer risk assessment market: 1. low entry and performance costs, 2. greater accuracy
than sequencing, and 3. application to understanding risks for colon, endometrial, gastric, ovarian, small bowel,
pancreatic, urinary tract, kidney, bile duct and brain cancers. The creation of simplified, commercial CR-C kits
will change the diagnosis of LS.Project narrative
Cancer Risk C, a flow variant analysis to diagnose Lynch syndrome, is a Next Generation high-throughput
improvement over the current standard of cancer gene panel sequencing. The increased sensitivity and
specificity, lower cost, and shortened time to reporting makes testing practical even without a significant family
history. This robust test will benefit health care providers and their at-risk patients.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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