High-Efficiency and Less Expensive Nanocrystal-Based Scintillator

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$99,990.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
DE-FG02-07ER84750
Award Id:
84159
Agency Tracking Number:
82904
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1764 N Leverett #263, Fayetteville, AR, 72703
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
155828861
Principal Investigator:
Yunjun Wang
Dr
(479) 799-3368
yjwang@mesolight.com
Business Contact:
Yunjun Wang
Dr
(479) 799-3368
yjwang@mesolight.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
Nuclear Physics research has a need for next generation scintillation detectors with high response rates, improved sensitivity, and low production cost. Inorganic scintillators have high output efficiency, but rely on the growth of bulk crystal ¿ a challenging task for most inorganic materials. Due to their relatively low cost and availability as large size sheets, organic scintillators would be ideal for use in applications such as portal monitors and waste monitors; however, their low light output efficiency render them not very suitable for detecting lower energy radiation. This project will develop a new type of scintillator, based upon nanocrystals embedded in transparent polymer matrices. These nanocomposite scintillators would have the advantage of both conventional inorganic materials (i.e. high response rate) and organic materials (i.e. low cost and availability of large size/area sheet). Phase I will develop a nanocrystal/polymer composite; assemble prototype nanocomposite scintillators; and test them with electron, gamma, alpha, and fast neutron sources. Performance will be evaluated by comparison with conventional scintillator materials. Phase II will further optimize the material composition and assemble a fully-functional nanocomposite scintillator detector. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: In addition to the scientific use in nuclear physics research, the highly sensitive and low cost nanocomposite scintillators should find commercial use in nuclear non-proliferation, homeland defense, medical imaging, X-ray instrumentation, and materials analysis. Another emerging market opportunity is Positron Emission Tomography (PET), a diagnostic medical imaging technique. The market could be as high as $1 billion dollars over the next 10 years for these domains alone.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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