STTR Phase I: Novel Biomimetic Nanostructures for Air Monitoring in Smart Buildings

Award Information
Agency: National Science Foundation
Branch: N/A
Contract: 0441650
Agency Tracking Number: 0441650
Amount: $100,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2004
Solicitation Topic Code: ST
Solicitation Number: NSF 04-551
Small Business Information
1010 - 32nd Ave., Brookings, SD, 57006
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Russell Mileham
 (605) 697-8521
Business Contact
 Russell Mileham
Phone: (605) 697-8521
Research Institution
 South Dakota State University
 David W Galipeau
 Box 2201, Admin 130
Brookings, SD, 57006
 (605) 688-4618
 Nonprofit college or university
This Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) Phase I project combines nanotechnology and biotechnology to develop a new type of biomimetic sensing structure for monitoring air quality in buildings as a part of a smart system to enhance security by preventing current and future vulnerabilities. The innovation in this work is the combination of new nanoscale fabrication technologies with a new theory on biological olfaction based on electron tunneling, which may make possible the development of a true electronic nose that has significant performance improvements as compared to existing technologies. The objective of this work is to determine the feasibility of using nano-fabrication techniques and structures to mimic biological olfaction so that toxic gases can be measured with significantly improved selectivity, stability, sensitivity, and response times. This research will enhance scientific and technological understanding, and if successful, will allow the development of an electronic nose with significantly improved capabilities over existing technology. This technology will provide significant benefit to society by improving homeland security and detection methods in other fields where odor analysis is important such as medical diagnosis, food and beverage characterization, and chemical and pharmaceutical industries.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government