STTR Phase I: Novel Biomimetic Nanostructures for Air Monitoring in Smart Buildings

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$100,000.00
Award Year:
2005
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
0441650
Award Id:
76741
Agency Tracking Number:
0441650
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1010 - 32nd Ave., Brookings, SD, 57006
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Russell Mileham
Mr.
(605) 697-8521
rmileham@midwestmicro-tek.com
Business Contact:
Russell Mileham
(605) 697-8521
rmileham@midwestmicro-tek.com
Research Institute:
South Dakota State University
David W Galipeau
Box 2201, Admin 130
Brookings, SD, 57006
(605) 688-4618
Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
This Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) Phase I project combines nanotechnology and biotechnology to develop a new type of biomimetic sensing structure for monitoring air quality in buildings as a part of a smart system to enhance security by preventing current and future vulnerabilities. The innovation in this work is the combination of new nanoscale fabrication technologies with a new theory on biological olfaction based on electron tunneling, which may make possible the development of a true electronic nose that has significant performance improvements as compared to existing technologies. The objective of this work is to determine the feasibility of using nano-fabrication techniques and structures to mimic biological olfaction so that toxic gases can be measured with significantly improved selectivity, stability, sensitivity, and response times. This research will enhance scientific and technological understanding, and if successful, will allow the development of an electronic nose with significantly improved capabilities over existing technology. This technology will provide significant benefit to society by improving homeland security and detection methods in other fields where odor analysis is important such as medical diagnosis, food and beverage characterization, and chemical and pharmaceutical industries.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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