Oil-Free Hydrogen Compressor

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-05ER84245
Agency Tracking Number: 78952S05-I
Amount: $99,421.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2006
Solicitation Topic Code: 18
Solicitation Number: DE-FG02-06ER06-09
Small Business Information
1037 Watervliet-Shaker Rd, Albany, NY, 12205
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Hooshang Heshmat
 Dr.
 (518) 862-4290
 hheshmat@miti.cc
Business Contact
 James Walton II
Title: Mr.
Phone: (518) 862-4290
Email: jwalton@miti.cc
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
78952S Cost effective compression technology has been identified by DOE as one of the critical elements needed for effective pipeline delivery of hydrogen gas for both vehicular transportation and distributed electricity generation with fuel cells. Current hydrogen compression technology is plagued by poor reliability, poor durability, poor efficiency, and high cost. These current technologies also use oil lubrication, which poses contamination problems for fuel cells. This project will develop an oil-free, high speed centrifugal compressor that addresses the limitations in current technology. Tribologically engineered coatings will be applied to oil-free compliant foil bearings and seals. Combined with advanced high-speed drives and centrifugal compressors, this approach will offer the best solution to overcoming the current compression system limitations. In Phase I, trade-off,sizing, and configuration studies will be conducted to identify the critical technologies and components needed to develop high performance oil-free hydrogen compressors. Key tribological coatings and hydrogen testing requirements for the compressor components will be identified, and plans will be prepared for Phase II testing. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits as described by the awardee: Besides compressors for hydrogen transportation, there exists substantial demand for natural gas pipeline and air compressors. Without the need for oil lubrication, reduced acquisition, maintenance and operating costs should be realized in the proposed oil-free pipeline compressors. Other applications that will benefit from oil-free bearings and seals with advanced coatings include distributed electricity generators such as mini and micro turbines, oil-free turbochargers for clean diesel engines, electrified turbocharger compressors for turbocompounding diesel engines, and automotive fuel cell applications.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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