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Nasal Delivery of Ondansetron for Treatment of Alcoholism

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R43AA016862-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: AA016862
Amount: $119,672.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2007-2
Solicitation Year: 2008
Award Year: 2008
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
United States
DUNS: 943117366
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: (859) 266-2446
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Alcohol abuse, dependence, and related societal effects exert a tremendous toll on world-wide and American health and economics. Given this devastating impact, the significant lack of pharmaceutical intervention, even f
or those patients seeking treatment, is troubling. This phase I Small Business Technology Transfer Research (STTR) project will apply nasal drug delivery technology to develop a novel nasally delivered pharmaceutical to acutely and rapidly attenuate drinki
ng behavior and to curb alcohol craving. The general goal of this project is to create and develop a novel nasal delivery dosage form of ondansetron hydrochloride (OND) useful in the pharmacologic treatment of alcoholism. The specific goals are to: 1) crea
te a nasal spray producing improved biopharmaceutics over the oral products, and 2) offer an adjunct, novel therapeutic option of a rapid-acting, interventional medication intended to acutely extinguish alcohol craving symptoms. The hypothesis of the propo
sed project is that nasally delivered OND will have substantially improved biopharmaceutics over the FDA-approved oral products as demonstrated by attaining (1) mean systemic bioavailability (F of = 70%), (2) less than half the pharmacokinetic parameter va
riability (S.D. = 30% of the mean), and, (3) and most importantly, one-eighth to one-twelfth the absorption time (tmax = 15 minutes). The project hypothesis will be tested by the following specific aims: 1) develop two pilot prototype formulations of OND m
eeting appropriate standards for potency and stability, 2) demonstrate systemic exposure and assess bioavailability in an in vivo rat model for the two prototype formulations, 3) manufacture a nasal spray batch of OND for human clinical testing, and 4) con
duct a pilot bioavailability study of the nasal spray system in human volunteers. Objectives 1 and 2 of this phase I STTR project will create a pharmaceutically appropriate OND nasal spray that produces consistent absorption resulting in rapid systemic blo
od levels in animals. Objectives 3 and 4 will permit verification that an improved OND delivery system is feasible for human use. Future STTR phase II clinical studies will address a hypothesis that a more completely, consistently and rapidly absorbed anti
-relapse drug can be a tool to acutely reduce alcohol craving in actively consuming and abstinent alcoholics and improve chronic treatment success rates by improved biopharmaceutics and decreased untoward effects. The long-term goal of this work is to deve
lop and commercialize nasal delivered OND for the treatment of alcoholism. Project Narrative: Alcohol abuse and dependence are increasingly difficult global health and societal challenges. Pharmacological treatments to date have been modestly effect
ive. This project intends to test whether a nasal spray delivery of ondansetron can improve chronic treatment and acutely extinguish or reduce patient cravings for alcohol. The development of a novel interventional drug delivery product addressing the unme
t medical need for treatment of acute craving symptoms of alcoholics has immense commercial potential as well.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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