THE MEASUREMENT OF FACIAL EXPRESSIONS IS IMPORTANT FOR RESEARCH ON EMOTION, COMMUNICATIONS, AND OTHER HEALTH- RELATED ISSUES.

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 5347
Amount: $49,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1986
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Nexus
530 Texas Street, San Francisco, CA, 94107
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 JOSEPH C HAGER
 PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
 (415) 824-3023
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE MEASUREMENT OF FACIAL EXPRESSIONS IS IMPORTANT FOR RESEARCH ON EMOTION, COMMUNICATIONS, AND OTHER HEALTH- RELATED ISSUES. THIS STUDY EXAMINES THE FACIAL EXPRESSIONS AND EMOTIONS OF 40 NORMAL MOTHERS WHEN THEY DELIBERATELY MAKE FACIAL MOVEMENTS, WHEN THEY SEE AND HEAR STIMULI RELATED TO CHILDREN AND CHILD ABUSE, AND WHEN THEY TALK ABOUT THEIR REACTIONS. MOTHERS' POTENTIAL FOR CHILD ABUSE IS ASSESSED WITH A PREVIOUSLY DEVELOPED INVENTORY; FACIAL EXPRESSIONS ARE VIDEOTAPED AND RECORDED ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC- ALLY, AND HEART RATE AND SKIN CONDUCTANCE IS MONITORED. THE TWO METHODS FOR MEASURING FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, A VISUAL TECHNIQUE AND EMG, ARE COMPARED TO SHOW THE CORRESPONDENCE OF INTENSITY AND ASYMMETRY MEASUREMENTS. THE ABILITY OF EMGTO DISCRIMINATE SPECIFIC MUSCULAR ACTIONS IS EXPLORED, AND THE POSSIBILITY THAT MUSCULAR TENSION CAN INCREASE WITHOUT VISIBLE CHANGES IS EXAMINED. AROUSAL AS MEASURED BY HEART RATE AND SKIN CONDUCTANCE WILL BE RELATED TO DETERMINE WHETHER DIFFERENT EMOTIONS DEPEND UPON ABUSE POTENTIAL SCORES. THE COMMERCIAL VALUE OF THIS PROJECT LIES IN IMPROVING FACIAL MEASUREMENT STRATEGIES, METHODS FOR MEASUR-ING EMOTION, AND SELECTION OF AUDIOVISUAL STIMULI BASED ON EMOTION. PROCEDURES DEVELOPED MAY BE APPLIED TO PREDICTING CHILD ABUSE.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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