NONCOMPETITIVE NMDA RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$46,000.00
Award Year:
1988
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
8171
Agency Tracking Number:
8171
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
6200 Freeport Ctr, Baltimore, MD, 21224
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
SUBSTANTIAL EVIDENCE INDICATES THAT EXCITATORY AMINO ACID (EAA) NEUROTRANSMISSION PLAYS A ROLE IN THE PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF EPILEPSY, NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS AND THE NEURONAL DAMAGE THAT OCCURS FOLLOWING HYPOXIC OR ISCHEMIC CNS INSULT.OF THE THREE RECOGNIZED EAA RECEPTOR SUBTYPES (QUISQUALATE, KAINATE AND N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE; NMDA), ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS CLEARLY INDICATE THAT NMDA ANTAGONISTS MAY PROVIDE AN EFFECTIVE PROPHYLACTIC, SYMPTOMATIC OR AMELIORATIVE APPROACHTO TREATMENT OF THESE DISORDERS. SUBCLASSES OF NMDA RECEPTORS ARE THOUGHT TO ESIST IN BRAIN. FUTHERMORE, SOME NMDA RECEPTORS MAY BE LINKED TO THESITE OF ACTION OF DISSOCIATIE ANESTHETICS SINCE AGENTS INCLUDING PHENCYCLIDINE (PCP) KETAMINE, DEXTRORPHAN, DEXOXADROL AND MK801 NONCOMPETIVIVELY ANTAGONIZE NMDA RECEPTOR-MEDIATED RESPONSES. NOTABLY, MANY OF THESE COMPOUNDS ARE POTENT ANTI-CONVULSANTS AND HAVE BEEN SHOWN TOPREVENT ISCHEMIC AND HYPOXIC DAMAGE TO BRAIN. KNOWN COMPETITIVE NMDA ANTAGONISTS ARE POLAR COMPOUNDS WHICHPENETRATE POORLY TO BRAIN. CONVERSELY, NONCOMPETITIVE ANTAGONISTS ARE HIGHLY LIPOPHILIC, BUT OFTEN ELICIT PCP-LIKE PSYCHOTOMIMETIC RESPONSES MAKING THEM UNSUITABLE FOR CHRONIC ADMINSTRATION. RECENT EVIDENCE SUGGESTS IT MAY BE POSSIBLE TO SEPARATE THE BENEFICIAL PROPERTIES FROM THE PSYCHOTOMIMETIC SIDE-EFFECT LIABILITIES OF NONCOMPETITIVE ANTAGONISTS. BUILDING UPON A UNIQUE SERIES OF COMPOUNDS ALREADY IDENTIFIED BY NOVA TO INTERACT WITH PCP RECOGNITION SITES IN BRAIN, THE CURRENT PHASE I PROPOSAL SEEKS FUNDS FOR FURTHER MEDICINAL CHEMICAL EFFORTS AND ADVANCED EVALUATION OF THE BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF THIS SERIES. TESTING WILL INCLUDE DETERMINATION OF THE ANTICONVULSANT AND NEUROPROTECTIVE PROPERTIES OF THESE AGENTS AS WELL AS THE POTENTIAL SIDE-EFFECT LIABILITIES USING DRUG DISCRIMINATION PARADIGMS. COMPOUNDS IDENTIFIED AS HAVING THE DESIRED PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES WOULD BE FURTHER EVALUATED IN A PHASE II APPLICATION AS POTENTIAL IND CANDIDATES.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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