Hydrogen Peroxide Based Fuel Cell for High Energy Density Space Application

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Amount:
$750,000.00
Program:
SBIR
Contract:
FA9453-05-C-0084
Solitcitation Year:
2003
Solicitation Number:
2003.2
Branch:
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Award Year:
2005
Phase:
Phase II
Agency Tracking Number:
03SB2-0504
Solicitation Topic Code:
SB032-048
Small Business Information
NPL ASSOCIATES, INC
912 W. Armory Ave., Champaign, IL, 61821
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Duns:
047034645
Principal Investigator
 Nie Luo
 Scientist, PI
 (217) 244-4947
 nluo@uiuc.edu
Business Contact
 George Miley
Title: President
Phone: (217) 333-3772
Email: georgehm@aol.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The objective of this Phase II project is to demonstrate the engineering feasibility of a high power, unitized, regenerative fuel cell that uses sodium borohydride (NaBH4) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) directly at the fuel cell (FC) electrodes. Such a Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC) is ideally suited for the demanding Unconventional Space Power requirements set forth by DARPA. The engineering prototype proposed would be a kW-class unit, based on the scale-up of the highly successful NaBH4/ H2O2 fuel cell demonstrated by NPL Associates in Phase I. This cell, termed I-CHARGERTM, uses aqueous solutions of NaBH4 and H2O2 directly at the anode and cathode, respectively. This direct process, as shown in experiment, results in >30% higher voltage output compared to ordinary H2/O2 fuel cell, and consequently a 30% higher efficiency. Also the unique combination of the fuel and oxidizer, both being in aqueous form, paves the way for a unique unitized design which is inherently compact compared cells that use gas phase reactants, such as the conventional H2 and O2 fuel cell. Thus I-CHARGERTM is uniquely suited for space power applications, and that is the primary focus of the Phase II development.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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