High-Performance Fuels

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Air Force
Amount:
$750,000.00
Award Year:
2009
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
FA9300-09-C-2103
Award Id:
78229
Agency Tracking Number:
F061-194-3115
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive, Madison, WI, 53717
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
196894869
Principal Investigator:
Martin Chiaverini
Principal Propulsion Engi
(608) 229-2732
chiaverinim@orbitec.com
Business Contact:
Eric Rice
President and CEO
(608) 229-2730
knaufs@orbitec.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
ORBITEC proposes to continue the development of high-performance fuels to replace monomethyl hydrazine (MMH) and other storable fuels for in-space propulsion applications. Compounds from various chemical families were proposed in Phase I to address these needs. These families of compounds have greater heats of formation, lower volatility, and lower toxicity than MMH. Their reduced vapor pressure provides greater safety in handling and less inhalation hazards than MMH. MMH has very low exposure limits due to its toxicity, and is also a suspected carcinogen. This increases the potential hazards during manufacture, transportation, storage, and operation of propulsion systems containing MMH-based fuels. Therefore, a fuel formulation containing a high-energy density, less toxic, non-carcinogenic fuel with lower vapor pressure (reduced inhalation and handling hazards) can significantly reduce the complexity and cost of propulsion systems development and operations. Phase II work will include additional fuel candidate synthesis and laboratory characterization, rocket performance evaluation in a lab-scale thrust chamber, fuel candidate down-select, plans for scale-up synthesis, and conceptual propulsion system designs that use the new fuel. BENEFIT: The end product of this overall research and development program will apply to satellite propulsion and station-keeping, military, civil, and commercial launch systems, as well as potential aerial warfare and tactical surface weapons. Near-term military applications include high-performance storable satellite propulsion including potential monopropellant applications, and high-performance liquid propulsion for target drones, cruise missiles, and other tactical systems. Other applications for these propellants are foreseen that include the kill vehicles for such programs as Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), NMD, Navy Upper Tier Theater Missile Defense (TMD) System, and the MEADS Air Defense System. NASA may find use for this technology in the support of upper stages as well as for in-space propulsion where high-performance storable propellants will offer benefits.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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