ENHANCEMENT OF OIL AND GAS RECOVERY USING NOVEL BIOPOLYMERS

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 10919
Amount: $49,340.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1989
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Princeton Polymers Lab Inc
501 Plainsboro Rd, Plainsboro, NJ, 08536
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Dr Gordon A Towle
 Principal Investigator
 (609) 799-2060
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THERE IS A NEED FOR NOVEL WATER-SOLUBLE BIOPOLYMERS THAT TOLERATE LONG-TERM EXPOSURE TO TEMPERATURES EXCEEDING 90 DEGREES CENTIGRADE FOR USE IN ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY. THESE CONDITIONS ARE ENCOUNTERED IN DEEP WELLS. THE BIOPOLYMERS EXHIBIT A COMBINATION OF OTHER USEFUL PROPERTIES, I.E., VISCOSITY RETENTION AT HIGH TEMPERATURES, GOOD SOLUBILITY IN HARD BRINES, LOW ABSORPTIVITY IN ROCK FORMATIONS, AND LACK OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO ENZYMATIC ATTACK. PHASE I WILL COMPRISE SYSTEMATIC PREPARATION OF A SERIES OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES TO PRODUCE AN ARRAY OF STRUCTURAL TYPES WHICH VARY AS TO ADD-ON LEVEL AND NATURE OF SIDE CHAIN SUBSTITUENTS. CHEMICAL MODIFICATIONS WILL FOLLOW CLASSIC BASE CATALYSED WILLIAMSON ETHER SYNTHESIS USING ALKYL HALIDES OR EPOXIDE TYPE AGENTS OR DIFUNCTIONAL LINKING AGENTS SUCH AS EPICHLOROHYDRIN. CONCURRENT WITH THIS SYNTHESIS OF DERIVATIVES, A SYSTEMATIC ASSESSMENT OF PROPERTIES WILL BE UNDERTAKEN USING SET PROTOCOLS TO STUDY HEAT TOLERANCE, SOLUBILITY IN BRINES AT VARIOUS PHS, ABSORPTIVITY IN ROCK, VISCOSITY AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES, AND BIOSTABILITY. PHASE II WILL DEVELOP PRODUCTION METHODS FOR SELECTED DERIVATIVES AND TEST POLYMERS IN SAND PACKS; THESE WILL BE FOLLOWED BY FIELD TESTS CONDUCTED JOINTLY WITH A MAJOR OIL PRODUCER.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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